How to avoid installation of remote access tool like NetWire

Also Known As: NetWire remote access trojan
Type: Trojan
Distribution: Low
Damage level: Severe

NetWire virus removal guide

What is NetWire?

NetWire is a program, a remote access tool (RAT), also known as a remote access trojan. Typically, people use RATs to access and control computers remotely. For example, these tools can be used legitimately by system administrators for accessing the client computers. However, RATs can be used for malicious purposes too. Cyber criminals use them to steal sensitive data and information, spread (download/install) various malware and so on. Remote access tools that were not installed on purpose/intentionally, should be uninstalled immediately. Otherwise they might be used to cause serious problems.

NetWire malware

It is known that cyber criminals use NetWire as a keylogger which can capture inputs from USB card readers and other peripheral devices. Also, it records pressed keys to steal credentials for online accounts and various applications such as email, web browsers and so on. Recorded logins and passwords can be easily used to steal various accounts and make purchases, transactions, send scam emails to other people with an attempt to swindle them out of their money and so on. Recorded keystrokes might include data/information such as phone numbers, addresses, Social Security numbers and other details that could be misused to steal victim's identity. Additionally, cyber criminals use NetWire to steal payment card data which can be used to make fraudulent purchases or sold to other parties who could misuse them to make various purchases too. Moreover, this RAT avoids anti-virus detection by injecting a malicious code into the Notepad (notepad.exe), it means that it could be running on the system for a long time and would not be detected. To avoid any financial loss, privacy issues, identity theft or any other potential problems we strongly recommend to uninstall NetWire immediately.

Threat Summary:
Name NetWire remote access trojan
Threat Type Remote Access Trojan
Detection Names (winup.exe) Arcabit (Trojan.Graftor.D58D44), BitDefender (Gen:Variant.Graftor.363844), ESET-NOD32 (A Variant Of Win32/Kryptik.GCKI), Kaspersky (HEUR:Trojan.Win32.NetWire.gen), Full List (VirusTotal)
Symptoms Remote access trojans are designed to stealthily infiltrate victim's computer and remain silent thus no particular symptoms are clearly visible on an infected machine.
Distribution methods Infected email attachments, malicious online advertisements, social engineering, software cracks, fake software updaters.
Damage Stolen banking information, passwords, identity theft.

To eliminate NetWire remote access trojan our malware researchers recommend scanning your computer with Spyhunter.
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Free scanner checks if your computer is infected. To remove malware, you have to purchase the full version of Spyhunter.

There are many RATs on the Internet, some of them are legitimate, some of them are not. Here are some other examples: Quasar, CyberGate and Sakula. Cyber criminals who use these tools commit cyber crime. People who become their victims usually experience data, financial loss, get their computers infected with malicious programs (i.e. ransomware), and experience other serious problems.

How did NetWire infiltrate my computer?

Research shows that cyber criminals distribute NetWire through emails. They send emails with files attached to them to a number of people and hope that at least someone will open the attached file. Recipients who open these files cause installation of NetWire. However, they use this method to spread other, malicious software too. Typically, computers get infected through opened Microsoft Office documents, JavaScript files, executables (like .exe), archive files (ZIP, RAR and others), PDF documents, etc. These files cannot cause any damage if people who receive the leave the unopened. Other ways to trick people into installing malware are to use Trojans, unreliable software download channels, fake updating tools and software 'cracking' tools. If installed, trojans proliferate (download and install) other malware. However, it is possible only if a program of this type is already installed. Untrustworthy software download sources such as Peer-to-Peer networks (torrent clients, eMule and so on), freeware download or free file hosting websites, unofficial websites, third party downloaders, etc., can be used by cyber criminals as tools to spread malicious programs too. They use them to disguise infected files as regular (legitimate). Once downloaded and opened, these files install high-risk malware. Fake software updaters usually cause computer infections either by exploiting outdated software's bugs, flaws or by installing malicious software instead of updating or fixing installed programs. Software 'cracking' tools are used with a purpose to activate paid software for free. However, very often these tools cause other outcome - they infect computers with malicious programs.

How to avoid installation of malware?

To prevent computers from being infected with malware (or avoid unwanted installations), we recommend to download software from official websites. It is not recommended to use third party downloaders, unofficial pages, Peer-to-Peer networks and other similar tools for that. Software 'cracking' tools cause computer infections, besides, it is not legal to use them. For this reasons they should not be used as well. Furthermore, installed software should be updated through tools or implemented functions that are provided by official software developers. Another effective way to protect a computer is to have a reputable anti-virus or anti-spyware software installed and scan the system with it regularly. If you believe that your computer is already infected, we recommend running a scan with Spyhunter for Windows to automatically eliminate infiltrated malware.

NetWire administration panel:

netwire administration panel

Instant automatic removal of NetWire remote access trojan: Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Spyhunter is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of NetWire remote access trojan. Download it by clicking the button below:
▼ DOWNLOAD Spyhunter By downloading any software listed on this website you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Free scanner checks if your computer is infected. To remove malware, you have to purchase the full version of Spyhunter.

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How to remove malware manually?

Manual malware removal is a complicated task, usually it's better to let antivirus or anti-malware programs do it automatically. To remove this malware we recommend using  Spyhunter for Windows. If you wish to remove malware manually, the first step is to identify the name of the malware that you are trying to remove. Here's an example of a suspicious program running on user's computer:

malicious process running on user's computer sample

If you checked the list of programs running on your computer, for example using task manager and identified a program that looks suspicious you should continue with these steps:

manual malware removal step 1 Download a program called Autoruns. This program shows auto-start applications, Registry and file system locations:

screenshot of autoruns application

manual malware removal step 2Restart your computer into Safe Mode:

Windows XP and Windows 7 users: Start your computer in Safe Mode. Click Start, click Shut Down, click Restart, click OK. During your computer start process, press the F8 key on your keyboard multiple times until you see the Windows Advanced Option menu, and then select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.

Safe Mode with Networking

Video showing how to start Windows 7 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 8 users: Start Windows 8 is Safe Mode with Networking - Go to Windows 8 Start Screen, type Advanced, in the search results select Settings. Click Advanced startup options, in the opened "General PC Settings" window, select Advanced startup. Click the "Restart now" button. Your computer will now restart into the "Advanced Startup options menu". Click the "Troubleshoot" button, and then click the "Advanced options" button. In the advanced option screen, click "Startup settings". Click the "Restart" button. Your PC will restart into the Startup Settings screen. Press F5 to boot in Safe Mode with Networking.

Windows 8 Safe Mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 8 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 10 users: Click the Windows logo and select the Power icon. In the opened menu click "Restart" while holding "Shift" button on your keyboard. In the "choose an option" window click on the "Troubleshoot", next select "Advanced options". In the advanced options menu select "Startup Settings" and click on the "Restart" button. In the following window you should click the "F5" button on your keyboard. This will restart your operating system in safe mode with networking.

windows 10 safe mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 10 in "Safe Mode with Networking":


manual malware removal step 3Extract the downloaded archive and run Autoruns.exe file.

extract and run autoruns.exe

manual malware removal step 4In the Autoruns application click "Options" at the top and uncheck "Hide Empty Locations" and "Hide Windows Entries" options. After this procedure click the "Refresh" icon.

Click 'Options' at the top and uncheck 'Hide Empty Locations' and 'Hide Windows Entries' options

manual malware removal step 5Check the list provided by Autoruns application and locate the malware file that you want to eliminate.

You should write down it full path and name. Note that some malware hides their process names under legitimate Windows process names. At this stage it's very important to avoid removing system files. After you locate he suspicious program you want to remove right click your mouse over it's name and choose "Delete"

locate the malware file you want to remove

After removing the malware through Autoruns application (this ensures that the malware won't run automatically on the next system startup) you should search for the malware name on your computer. Be sure to enable hidden files and folders before proceeding. If you find the file of the malware be sure to remove it.

searching for malware file on your computer

Reboot your computer in normal mode. Following these steps should help remove any malware from your computer. Note that manual threat removal requires advanced computer skills, it's recommended to leave malware removal to antivirus and anti-malware programs. These steps might not work with advanced malware infections. As always it's better to avoid getting infected that try to remove malware afterwards. To keep your computer safe be sure to install latest operating system updates and use antivirus software.

To be sure your computer is free of malware infections we recommend scanning it with Spyhunter for Windows.

About the author:

Tomas Meskauskas

Tomas Meskauskas - expert security researcher, professional malware analyst.

I am passionate about computer security and technology. I have an experience of over 10 years working in various companies related to computer technical issue solving and Internet security. I have been working as an author and editor for since 2010. Follow me on Twitter and LinkedIn to stay informed about the latest online security threats. Contact Tomas Meskauskas.

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Malware activity

Global virus and spyware activity level today:

Medium threat activity

Increased attack rate of infections detected within the last 24 hours.

QR Code
NetWire remote access trojan QR code
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Platform: Windows

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