How to uninstall T-RAT malware?

Also Known As: T-RAT remote access trojan
Type: Trojan
Distribution: Moderate
Damage level: Severe

T-RAT virus removal guide

What is T-RAT?

T-RAT is a Remote Access Trojan (RAT), a piece of malware which is capable of logging keystrokes, replacing cryptocurrency wallet addresses in system clipboard, recording audio using computer microphone and video using its webcam, executing commands via CMD (Command Prompt) and PowerShell, and managing files. Cyber criminals behind it can use infected computers as tools to generate revenue in a variety of ways. Research shows that this malware can be purchased on hacker forum for 3500 rubles.

T-RAT malware

Since T-RAT can function as a keystroke logger, it means that it can record keyboard input. Typically, cyber criminals use this feature to steal login credentials (usernames, passwords), credit card details and other sensitive information. Also, this RAT has a functionality of a clipper - it can be used to replace cryptocurrency wallet addresses saved on the system clipboard with addresses (wallets) owned by cyber criminals. It means that victims may unknowingly transfer cryptocurrency to cyber criminals instead sending it to people who supposed to receive it. Furthermore, T-RAT can be used as a tool to record audio and video via microphone and webcam. It is common that cyber criminals use such features to blackmail victims, for example, they threaten to publish recorded material on some forum, website, send it to victim's contacts, etc. Also, this RAT can be used to access and manage files stored on victim's computer, for example, to open, delete, rename, edit files. As mentioned in the introduction, T-RAT can be used to execute various commands via CMD (Command Prompt) and PowerShell as well. This feature allows cyber criminals to perform a variety of actions on victim's computer, it is common that they use it to download and execute malicious files. In other words, to infect computers with other malware (e.g., ransomware, Trojans). Having a computer infected with T-RAT could be the reason behind various, serious problems: users may become victims of identity theft, suffer monetary, data loss, have their personal accounts stolen, have various problems related to online privacy, browsing safety, etc. It this (or similar) malware is already installed on the operating system, then it should be uninstalled as soon as possible.

Threat Summary:
Name T-RAT remote access trojan
Threat Type Remote Administration/Access Trojan
Detection Names AVG (FileRepMalware), BitDefender (Gen:Variant.MSILPerseus.197148), ESET-NOD32 (A Variant Of MSIL/Agent.CDK), Kaspersky (HEUR:Trojan-PSW.MSIL.Trat.gen), Full List (VirusTotal)
Symptoms RATs are designed to stealthily infiltrate the victim's computer and remain silent, and thus no particular symptoms are clearly visible on an infected machine.
Distribution methods Infected email attachments, malicious online advertisements, social engineering, software 'cracks'.
Damage Stolen passwords and banking information, identity theft, the victim's computer added to a botnet.
Malware Removal (Windows)

To eliminate possible malware infections, scan your computer with legitimate antivirus software. Our security researchers recommend using Malwarebytes.
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To sum up, RATs are malicious programs (although, there are legitimate Remote Administration Tools) that allow cyber criminals to control infected machines remotely. In most cases they are used to steal sensitive information and/or distribute malware. A couple of examples of other malware of this type are ExpertRAT, HoudRat and BitRAT.

How did T-RAT infiltrate my computer?

Usually cyber criminals distribute various malware through other programs of this kind called Trojans, malspam campaigns (emails), third party, fake software updating tools, unofficial software activation ('cracking') tools or questionable file, software download sources. There are certain Trojans that can be designed to cause chain infections. In other words, they can install other malicious programs. Criminals who proliferate malware via malspam campaigns send emails that contain malicious attachments (or website links designed to download malicious files). In such cases malware gets installed when recipients open a malicious attachment (or a file downloaded through a link). Typically, cyber criminals use malicious Microsoft Office documents, archive files (like ZIP, RAR), executable files (like .exe), PDF documents, or JavaScript files to distribute malware via emails. Fake software updating tools can be designed to infect systems by exploiting bugs, flaws of outdated software that is installed on the operating system or by installing malware instead of updates, fixes for installed software. Software 'cracking' (unofficial activation) tools infect systems in a similar way: they supposed to bypass activation of some licensed software, although, they often install some malicious program instead. Unofficial websites, free file hosting, freeware download websites, third party downloaders (and installers), Peer-to-Peer networks (e.g., torrent clients, eMule), etc., are examples of file, software download sources that can be used to distribute malware too. Typically, those files are disguised as regular, harmless. When users download and open them, they infect computers with malware.

How to avoid installation of malware?

Website links and files in emails that are received from unknown, suspicious addresses should not be opened, especially if such emails are irrelevant. Any files, programs should be downloaded from official websites, via direct download links, and not through other sources (examples of unreliable download sources are provided in the previous paragraph). Third party installers should never be used to install software too. Installed programs (and operating system) has to be updated with tools and/or implemented functions that are provided by their official developers. None of the third party, unofficial tools should be used for that. Moreover, it is not legal to use them to activate any licensed software. One more way to keep a computer safe is to regularly scan it for threats with a reputable antivirus or anti-spyware software. It is also important to use an up-to-date security suite for that. If you believe that your computer is already infected, we recommend running a scan with Malwarebytes for Windows to automatically eliminate infiltrated malware.

Websites (hacker forums) promoting T-RAT:

t-rat malware download page t-rat malware download page

Update 22 October 2020 - There is a new T-RAT version (T-RAT 2.0) which can be controlled via smartphone with Telegram messaging application using text based commands and command buttons provided by this Remote Administration Trojan. It has 98 commands that allow cyber criminals to enter and exit file manager and other modules, navigate on the file system (and download data), steal passwords, cookies, autofill data from browsers, session data from apps like Telegram, Viber, Skype, Discord (and some other apps), replace cryptocurrency wallet addresses in clipboard, log keystrokes, take screenshots, record audio via microphone and take pictures via webcam. Also, this version can be used to kill running processes, block access to websites, disable the task manager and the taskbar, control devices via Powershell, Command Prompt, HRDP or VNC and perform some other actions.

Instant automatic malware removal: Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Malwarebytes is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of malware. Download it by clicking the button below:
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How to remove malware manually?

Manual malware removal is a complicated task - usually it is best to allow antivirus or anti-malware programs to do this automatically. To remove this malware we recommend using Malwarebytes for Windows. If you wish to remove malware manually, the first step is to identify the name of the malware that you are trying to remove. Here is an example of a suspicious program running on a user's computer:

malicious process running on user's computer sample

If you checked the list of programs running on your computer, for example, using task manager, and identified a program that looks suspicious, you should continue with these steps:

manual malware removal step 1Download a program called Autoruns. This program shows auto-start applications, Registry, and file system locations:

screenshot of autoruns application

manual malware removal step 2Restart your computer into Safe Mode:

Windows XP and Windows 7 users: Start your computer in Safe Mode. Click Start, click Shut Down, click Restart, click OK. During your computer start process, press the F8 key on your keyboard multiple times until you see the Windows Advanced Option menu, and then select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.

Safe Mode with Networking

Video showing how to start Windows 7 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 8 users: Start Windows 8 is Safe Mode with Networking - Go to Windows 8 Start Screen, type Advanced, in the search results select Settings. Click Advanced startup options, in the opened "General PC Settings" window, select Advanced startup. Click the "Restart now" button. Your computer will now restart into the "Advanced Startup options menu". Click the "Troubleshoot" button, and then click the "Advanced options" button. In the advanced option screen, click "Startup settings". Click the "Restart" button. Your PC will restart into the Startup Settings screen. Press F5 to boot in Safe Mode with Networking.

Windows 8 Safe Mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 8 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 10 users: Click the Windows logo and select the Power icon. In the opened menu click "Restart" while holding "Shift" button on your keyboard. In the "choose an option" window click on the "Troubleshoot", next select "Advanced options". In the advanced options menu select "Startup Settings" and click on the "Restart" button. In the following window you should click the "F5" button on your keyboard. This will restart your operating system in safe mode with networking.

windows 10 safe mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 10 in "Safe Mode with Networking":


manual malware removal step 3Extract the downloaded archive and run the Autoruns.exe file.

extract and run autoruns.exe

manual malware removal step 4In the Autoruns application, click "Options" at the top and uncheck "Hide Empty Locations" and "Hide Windows Entries" options. After this procedure, click the "Refresh" icon.

Click 'Options' at the top and uncheck 'Hide Empty Locations' and 'Hide Windows Entries' options

manual malware removal step 5Check the list provided by the Autoruns application and locate the malware file that you want to eliminate.

You should write down its full path and name. Note that some malware hides process names under legitimate Windows process names. At this stage, it is very important to avoid removing system files. After you locate the suspicious program you wish to remove, right click your mouse over its name and choose "Delete".

locate the malware file you want to remove

After removing the malware through the Autoruns application (this ensures that the malware will not run automatically on the next system startup), you should search for the malware name on your computer. Be sure to enable hidden files and folders before proceeding. If you find the filename of the malware, be sure to remove it.

searching for malware file on your computer

Reboot your computer in normal mode. Following these steps should remove any malware from your computer. Note that manual threat removal requires advanced computer skills. If you do not have these skills, leave malware removal to antivirus and anti-malware programs. These steps might not work with advanced malware infections. As always it is best to prevent infection than try to remove malware later. To keep your computer safe, install the latest operating system updates and use antivirus software.

To be sure your computer is free of malware infections, we recommend scanning it with Malwarebytes for Windows.

About the author:

Tomas Meskauskas

Tomas Meskauskas - expert security researcher, professional malware analyst.

I am passionate about computer security and technology. I have an experience of over 10 years working in various companies related to computer technical issue solving and Internet security. I have been working as an author and editor for since 2010. Follow me on Twitter and LinkedIn to stay informed about the latest online security threats. Contact Tomas Meskauskas.

PCrisk security portal is brought by a company RCS LT. Joined forces of security researchers help educate computer users about the latest online security threats. More information about the company RCS LT.

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Malware activity

Global malware activity level today:

Medium threat activity

Increased attack rate of infections detected within the last 24 hours.

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