How to uninatall JhoneRAT?

Also Known As: JhoneRAT remote access trojan
Type: Trojan
Distribution: Low
Damage level: Severe

JhoneRAT virus removal guide

What is JhoneRAT?

JhoneRAT is the name of a Remote Access Tool (Trojan) which is being distributed through malicious Microsoft Office documents. Cyber criminals behind it target Arabic-speaking users, this malicious program chooses (filters out) victims by checking the keyboard layout of their computers. JhoneRAT is capable of downloading additional payloads (infecting systems with other malware) and gathering information on its victim's computer.

JhoneRAT malware

Research shows that cyber criminals proliferate JhoneRAT at least through three malicious Microsoft Office documents. Each of those documents is designed to download and open additional MS Office document containing built-in macros. If users give a malicious document a permission to enable editing/content, then it initiates execution of infection process. The final stage is installation of JhoneRAT which starts a sequence of programmed instructions. JhoneRAT launches three threads: first one is responsible for checking if victim's keyboard layout is Arabic, second one is responsible for creating persistence that prevents victims from removing JhoneRAT and third one is responsible for allowing JhoneRAT to start its Command and Control (C2) activities. Cyber criminals behind JhoneRAT can use to take screenshots on the infected computer and send them to ImgBB (image hosting website), download and execute binary files disguised as images and execute various commands. It means that cyber criminals could use JhoneRAT to steal personal information like passwords, credentials, credit card details, and so on. Also, this RAT could be used to infect systems with more malicious programs like some ransomware-type program, Trojan, and other high-risk malware. In one way or another, most cyber criminals who attempt to infect systems with malicious programs like JhoneRAT have one main goal - to generate as much revenue as possible. In most cases users of infected machines encounter a variety of problems, for example, they become victims of identity theft, experience problems with privacy, browsing safety, lose data, money, and so on. That is why it is worth remembering that even a single click in some malicious document (in this case MS Word) can lead to many (and serious) problems. If such document was already opened and allowed to start the infection, then a removal of installed malware should be started immediately.

Threat Summary:
Name JhoneRAT remote access trojan
Threat Type Trojan, password-stealing virus, banking malware, spyware.
Detection Names BitDefender (Trojan.GenericKD.42249088), Emsisoft (Trojan.GenericKD.42249088 (B)), ESET-NOD32 (Python/Agent.HX), Kaspersky (, Full List (VirusTotal)
Payload JhoneRAT could be used to infect systems with a variety of other malicious programs.
Symptoms RATs are designed to stealthily infiltrate the victim's computer and remain silent, and thus no particular symptoms are clearly visible on an infected machine.
Distribution methods Infected email attachments, malicious online advertisements, social engineering, software 'cracks'.
Damage Stolen passwords and banking information, identity theft, the victim's computer added to a botnet.

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More examples of other programs that belong to a category of RATs are Dacls, Bandook and PiXie. Not all RATs are malicious, however, most of them can be used with malicious intent. Typically, cyber criminals use them with a purpose to perform tasks that could help them to generate revenue in various ways. Most of the times it includes stealing information that could be misused to make fraudulent purchases, transactions and perform other actions that would lead victims to financial loss and other problems.

How did JhoneRAT infiltrate my computer?

As we mentioned in the introduction, this particular RAT is gets installed when users open a malicious Microsoft Office document and enable macros commands (enable editing/content). Typically, cyber criminals spread malicious documents by attaching them to emails and sending them to a lot of people. It is worth mentioning that they often attach not only MS Office documents, but other files as well. For example, they may attach JavaScript files, executable files (like .exe), archives like ZIP, RAR, PDF documents, and so on. Unfortunately, spam campaigns (emails) is not the only way to spread malicious software. Quite often malware is distributed through questionable software download sources, Trojans, fake updaters and unofficial activation tools. Untrustworthy, questionable software download sources such as freeware download websites, free file hosting sites, Peer-to-Peer networks (e.g., torrent clients, eMule and so on) are used to spread malware by simply uploading malicious files that disguised as legitimate, harmless. People who open files that were downloaded through them always risk to install some malicious program on their computers by themselves. Trojans (malicious programs) often are designed to cause chain infections. Once installed, they install some other malware. However, it can happen only when systems are already infected with them. Fake software updating tools (updaters) infect systems by downloading malware instead of updates, or by exploiting bugs, flaws of outdated software. Various 'cracking' tools operate very similarly: people who use them with a purpose to bypass activation of some licensed software often allow them to install some malicious program.

How to avoid installation of malware?

It is strongly recommended not to open attachments (and/or web links) that are attached ti/included in irrelevant emails. Especially when they are received from unknown, suspicious addresses. The safest option is to ignore them (leave their contents unopened). All files and program should be downloaded only from official and trustworthy sources (websites). Unofficial websites, various third party downloaders, installers and other channels that we mentioned in the previous paragraph should not be used/trusted. Software must be updated via implemented functions and/or tools that are designed by official developers only. If it needs to be activated, then it should be activated properly. It is not legal to do that by using various 'cracking' (unofficial activation) tools. Besides, they often are designed to infect systems with various malware. One more important thing is to regularly scan the operating system for threats with a reputable antivirus or anti-spyware software and always remove them as soon as possible. If you believe that your computer is already infected, we recommend running a scan with Spyhunter for Windows to automatically eliminate infiltrated malware.

List of targeted Arabic-speaking countries:

  • Algeria
  • Bahrain
  • Egypt
  • Iraq
  • Kuwait
  • Lebanon
  • Libya
  • Morocco
  • Oman
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Syria
  • Tunisia
  • UAE
  • Yemen

Malicious attachments distributing JhoneRAT:

malicious Microsoft word document distributing JhoneRAT malicious Microsoft word document distributing JhoneRAT malicious Microsoft word document distributing JhoneRAT

Instant automatic malware removal: Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Spyhunter is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of malware. Download it by clicking the button below:
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How to remove malware manually?

Manual malware removal is a complicated task - usually it is best to allow antivirus or anti-malware programs to do this automatically. To remove this malware we recommend using Spyhunter for Windows. If you wish to remove malware manually, the first step is to identify the name of the malware that you are trying to remove. Here is an example of a suspicious program running on a user's computer:

malicious process running on user's computer sample

If you checked the list of programs running on your computer, for example, using task manager, and identified a program that looks suspicious, you should continue with these steps:

manual malware removal step 1Download a program called Autoruns. This program shows auto-start applications, Registry, and file system locations:

screenshot of autoruns application

manual malware removal step 2Restart your computer into Safe Mode:

Windows XP and Windows 7 users: Start your computer in Safe Mode. Click Start, click Shut Down, click Restart, click OK. During your computer start process, press the F8 key on your keyboard multiple times until you see the Windows Advanced Option menu, and then select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.

Safe Mode with Networking

Video showing how to start Windows 7 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 8 users: Start Windows 8 is Safe Mode with Networking - Go to Windows 8 Start Screen, type Advanced, in the search results select Settings. Click Advanced startup options, in the opened "General PC Settings" window, select Advanced startup. Click the "Restart now" button. Your computer will now restart into the "Advanced Startup options menu". Click the "Troubleshoot" button, and then click the "Advanced options" button. In the advanced option screen, click "Startup settings". Click the "Restart" button. Your PC will restart into the Startup Settings screen. Press F5 to boot in Safe Mode with Networking.

Windows 8 Safe Mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 8 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 10 users: Click the Windows logo and select the Power icon. In the opened menu click "Restart" while holding "Shift" button on your keyboard. In the "choose an option" window click on the "Troubleshoot", next select "Advanced options". In the advanced options menu select "Startup Settings" and click on the "Restart" button. In the following window you should click the "F5" button on your keyboard. This will restart your operating system in safe mode with networking.

windows 10 safe mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 10 in "Safe Mode with Networking":


manual malware removal step 3Extract the downloaded archive and run the Autoruns.exe file.

extract and run autoruns.exe

manual malware removal step 4In the Autoruns application, click "Options" at the top and uncheck "Hide Empty Locations" and "Hide Windows Entries" options. After this procedure, click the "Refresh" icon.

Click 'Options' at the top and uncheck 'Hide Empty Locations' and 'Hide Windows Entries' options

manual malware removal step 5Check the list provided by the Autoruns application and locate the malware file that you want to eliminate.

You should write down its full path and name. Note that some malware hides process names under legitimate Windows process names. At this stage, it is very important to avoid removing system files. After you locate the suspicious program you wish to remove, right click your mouse over its name and choose "Delete".

locate the malware file you want to remove

After removing the malware through the Autoruns application (this ensures that the malware will not run automatically on the next system startup), you should search for the malware name on your computer. Be sure to enable hidden files and folders before proceeding. If you find the filename of the malware, be sure to remove it.

searching for malware file on your computer

Reboot your computer in normal mode. Following these steps should remove any malware from your computer. Note that manual threat removal requires advanced computer skills. If you do not have these skills, leave malware removal to antivirus and anti-malware programs. These steps might not work with advanced malware infections. As always it is best to prevent infection than try to remove malware later. To keep your computer safe, install the latest operating system updates and use antivirus software.

To be sure your computer is free of malware infections, we recommend scanning it with Spyhunter for Windows.

About the author:

Tomas Meskauskas

Tomas Meskauskas - expert security researcher, professional malware analyst.

I am passionate about computer security and technology. I have an experience of over 10 years working in various companies related to computer technical issue solving and Internet security. I have been working as an author and editor for since 2010. Follow me on Twitter and LinkedIn to stay informed about the latest online security threats. Contact Tomas Meskauskas.

PCrisk security portal is brought by a company RCS LT. Joined forces of security researchers help educate computer users about the latest online security threats. More information about the company RCS LT.

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Malware activity

Global malware activity level today:

Medium threat activity

Increased attack rate of infections detected within the last 24 hours.

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