Bandook RAT

Also Known As: Bandook remote access trojan
Type: Trojan
Distribution: Low
Damage level: Severe

Bandook virus removal guide

What is Bandook?

Bandook is a high-risk remote access trojan (RAT). This malware is capable of performing a variety of tasks that allow cyber criminals to gather various personal information. For this reason, this remote access trojan poses huge threat to user's privacy and its presence may lead to variety of issues.

Bandook malware

Remote access trojans are used to manage infected computers remotely, without user's consent. This malware is capable of doing a number of malicious tasks, such as: keylogging, audio (microphone) and video (webcam) capturing, taking screenshots and uploading them to a remote server, as well as running various command shell programs. This means that cyber criminals may get access to various personal accounts (e.g., social networks, emails, banks, etc.) These persons aim to generate as much revenue as possible, therefore, they're more than likely to misuse hijacked accounts via online purchases, money transferring, asking victim's contacts to lend some money, and so on so forth. Therefore, victims may not only lose all of their savings, but also get into huge debts. Additionally, crooks may use hijacked accounts to spread malware by sending malicious files/links to all of the contacts. As mentioned above, Bandook is capable of running various Windows shell commands, which means that this RAT might be used to modify system's settings and even download (inject) additional malware. Trojans are often used to spread infections like ransomware and cryptominers. In summary, presence of this infection might lead to huge financial losses, serious privacy issues (e.g., identity theft) and additional computer infections.

Threat Summary:
Name Bandook remote access trojan
Threat Type Trojan, Password stealing virus, Banking malware, Spyware
Detection Names Avast (Win32:Trojan-gen), AVG (Win32:Trojan-gen), ESET-NOD32 (a variant of Generik.HHFIANT), McAfee-GW-Edition (Artemis!Trojan), Full List (VirusTotal)
Malicious Process Name(s) FLS MV (the process name varies depending on the malicious executable)
Symptoms Trojans are designed to stealthily infiltrate victim's computer and remain silent thus no particular symptoms are clearly visible on an infected machine.
Distribution methods Infected email attachments, malicious online advertisements, social engineering, software cracks.
Damage Stolen banking information, passwords, identity theft, victim's computer added to a botnet.
Removal

To eliminate Bandook remote access trojan our malware researchers recommend scanning your computer with Spyhunter.
▼ Download Spyhunter
Free scanner checks if your computer is infected. To remove malware, you have to purchase the full version of Spyhunter.

There are dozens of trojan-type infections that share similarities with Bandook. For instance, Bolik, Adwind, Hancitor, CrossRAT, Orcus, and many others. Some trojans gather sensitive data, others proliferate malware. More advanced trojans are designed to do both of these things and even more (e.g., connect the system to a botnet, modify its settings, etc.) However, despite the fact that functionality differs, all of them have one thing in common: they pose huge threat to user's privacy and computer safety. For this reason, eliminating trojan-type infections is extremely important.

How did Bandook infiltrate my computer?

Trojans like Bandook are typically proliferated using the following methods/tools: email spam campaigns, third party download sources, other trojans, and fake software updaters, as well as cracks. Spam campaigns are used to send hundreds of thousands of emails that contain deceptive messages encouraging users to open attached malicious links/files. Attachments are usually presented as some important documents just to create the impression of legitimacy and trick users into opening. Same tactics are used for unofficial software download sources. Cyber criminals use peer-to-peer (P2P) networks, free file hosting websites, freeware download sites, and other similar sources to present malicious executables as legitimate software. By doing so, crooks trick users into downloading and installing malware manually, by themselves. Some trojans are designed to cause so-called "chain infections", meaning that they infiltrate computers and inject them with additional malware. Fake updaters infect systems by either exploiting old software's bugs/flaws or simply downloading and installing malware instead of the promised updates. Fake cracks are similar to fake updaters. Although their purpose is to activate paid software for free, users are way more likely to install malware instead of gaining access to paid features. To sum up, the main reasons for computer infections are poor knowledge and reckless behavior.

How to avoid installation of malware?

To begin with, users must realize that the main reasons for computer infections are poor knowledge and reckless behavior. The key to its safety is caution and, therefore, paying close attention when browsing the Internet, as well as downloading, installing and updating software is a must. You should always handle all received emails with care. If the received file/link doesn't concern you and/or the sender looks suspicious, then do not open anything. Such emails should be deleted without even reading. It is advised to download apps only from official sources, preferably using direct download links. Similar rules apply to software updates. It is extremely important to keep installed applications and operating system up-to-date. To achieve this, however, use implemented functions or tools provided by the official developer only. Users must know that cracking installed applications is illegal (it is considered a cyber crime). Additionally, the infection risk is extremely high. For this reason, you should never attempt to crack any software. On top of all that, always have a reputable anti-virus/anti-spyware suite installed and running. Such apps will help you detect and eliminate malware before the system is harmed. If you believe that your computer is already infected, we recommend running a scan with Spyhunter for Windows to automatically eliminate infiltrated malware.

Bandook RAT's detections in various malware databases (VirusTotal):

Bandook RAT detections in VirusTotal

Bandook RAT's admin panel:

Bandook RAT's admin panel

Instant automatic removal of Bandook remote access trojan: Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Spyhunter is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of Bandook remote access trojan. Download it by clicking the button below:
▼ DOWNLOAD Spyhunter By downloading any software listed on this website you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Free scanner checks if your computer is infected. To remove malware, you have to purchase the full version of Spyhunter.

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How to remove malware manually?

Manual malware removal is a complicated task, usually it's better to let antivirus or anti-malware programs do it automatically. To remove this malware we recommend using  Spyhunter for Windows. If you wish to remove malware manually, the first step is to identify the name of the malware that you are trying to remove. Here's an example of a suspicious program running on user's computer:

malicious process running on user's computer sample

If you checked the list of programs running on your computer, for example using task manager and identified a program that looks suspicious you should continue with these steps:

manual malware removal step 1 Download a program called Autoruns. This program shows auto-start applications, Registry and file system locations:

screenshot of autoruns application

manual malware removal step 2Restart your computer into Safe Mode:

Windows XP and Windows 7 users: Start your computer in Safe Mode. Click Start, click Shut Down, click Restart, click OK. During your computer start process, press the F8 key on your keyboard multiple times until you see the Windows Advanced Option menu, and then select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.

Safe Mode with Networking

Video showing how to start Windows 7 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 8 users: Start Windows 8 is Safe Mode with Networking - Go to Windows 8 Start Screen, type Advanced, in the search results select Settings. Click Advanced startup options, in the opened "General PC Settings" window, select Advanced startup. Click the "Restart now" button. Your computer will now restart into the "Advanced Startup options menu". Click the "Troubleshoot" button, and then click the "Advanced options" button. In the advanced option screen, click "Startup settings". Click the "Restart" button. Your PC will restart into the Startup Settings screen. Press F5 to boot in Safe Mode with Networking.

Windows 8 Safe Mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 8 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 10 users: Click the Windows logo and select the Power icon. In the opened menu click "Restart" while holding "Shift" button on your keyboard. In the "choose an option" window click on the "Troubleshoot", next select "Advanced options". In the advanced options menu select "Startup Settings" and click on the "Restart" button. In the following window you should click the "F5" button on your keyboard. This will restart your operating system in safe mode with networking.

windows 10 safe mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 10 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

 

manual malware removal step 3Extract the downloaded archive and run Autoruns.exe file.

extract autoruns.zip and run autoruns.exe

manual malware removal step 4In the Autoruns application click "Options" at the top and uncheck "Hide Empty Locations" and "Hide Windows Entries" options. After this procedure click the "Refresh" icon.

Click 'Options' at the top and uncheck 'Hide Empty Locations' and 'Hide Windows Entries' options

manual malware removal step 5Check the list provided by Autoruns application and locate the malware file that you want to eliminate.

You should write down it full path and name. Note that some malware hides their process names under legitimate Windows process names. At this stage it's very important to avoid removing system files. After you locate he suspicious program you want to remove right click your mouse over it's name and choose "Delete"

locate the malware file you want to remove

After removing the malware through Autoruns application (this ensures that the malware won't run automatically on the next system startup) you should search for the malware name on your computer. Be sure to enable hidden files and folders before proceeding. If you find the file of the malware be sure to remove it.

searching for malware file on your computer

Reboot your computer in normal mode. Following these steps should help remove any malware from your computer. Note that manual threat removal requires advanced computer skills, it's recommended to leave malware removal to antivirus and anti-malware programs. These steps might not work with advanced malware infections. As always it's better to avoid getting infected that try to remove malware afterwards. To keep your computer safe be sure to install latest operating system updates and use antivirus software.

To be sure your computer is free of malware infections we recommend scanning it with Spyhunter for Windows.