How to remove PathBrand adware from the system?

Also Known As: PathBrand potentially unwanted application
Type: Mac Virus
Distribution: Moderate
Damage level: Medium

How to remove PathBrand from Mac?

What is PathBrand?

PathBrand is yet another adware-type application identical to SimpleProExtension, Resourcetools and a number of other rogue apps. Once installed, this application redirects users to a questionable website (which in turn redirects users to Google search engine) every time they enter a search query into the URL bar. In other words, users are redirected using the following pattern: search query -> questionable website -> Google search engine. Applications of this type are also notorious for displaying intrusive advertisements and gathering various information. It is also worth noting that adware-type apps usually infiltrate computers without user's permission.

PathBrand adware

As mentioned above, PathBrand redirects users to a questionable website which, in turn, redirects users to Google search engine. Therefore, no matter what search engine is default, users end up searching the web via Google. Other unwanted applications from this adware family are known to promote Yahoo and Bing web search engines. However, note that all of them are legitimate and have nothing to do with these applications - this is probably being done to generate traffic and/or to gather various data (search queries, IP addresses, etc.) As mentioned above, potentially unwanted applications are also very likely to deliver various intrusive advertisements (coupons, banners, pop-ups, and similar). Ads of this type usually redirect to various unreliable websites and may even execute scripts that download other potentially unwanted/malicious applications. Hence, clicking is risky and may result in high-risk computer infections. Ads of this type are often displayed using various tools that enable placement of third party graphical content, which is why they often overlay websites' content, thereby decreasing web browsing experience. Another noteworthy thing is data tracking. Potentially unwanted applications often record IP addresses, website URLs visited, pages viewed, search queries, and other similar information relating to user's web browsing activity. Collected data is very likely to contain personal details. However, what's more important is that developers share it with third parties (potentially, cyber criminals). These persons misuse received data with an intention of generating revenue, which is why presence of data-tracking apps might lead to serious privacy issues or even identity theft. Applications like PathBrand should be eliminated as soon as possible.

Threat Summary:
Name PathBrand potentially unwanted application
Threat Type Mac malware, Mac virus
Detection Names (PathBrand.app.zip) Full List (VirusTotal)
Symptoms Your Mac became slower than normal, you see unwanted pop-up ads, you get redirected to shady websites.
Distribution methods Deceptive pop-up ads, free software installers (bundling), fake flash player installers, torrent file downloads.
Damage Internet browsing tracking (potential privacy issues), displaying of unwanted ads, redirects to shady websites, loss of private information.
Removal

To eliminate PathBrand potentially unwanted application our malware researchers recommend scanning your computer with Combo Cleaner.
▼ Download Combo Cleaner
Free scanner checks if your computer is infected. To remove malware, you have to purchase the full version of Combo Cleaner.

Internet is full of adware-type applications (e.g., StudyDisplay, PDF Genie, 1 Click PDF) that are very similar in-between. These applications are very likely to offer various "useful features". However, such claims are merely attempts to create the impression of legitimacy/usefulness and to trick users into installation. The true and only purpose of such applications is to help developers generate revenue. Thus, instead of giving any real value for the user, unwanted applications cause redirects, deliver advertisements, and gather information.

How did PathBrand install on my computer?

Some PUAs do have official download websites. However, most of them are proliferated using "bundling" and intrusive advertising methods. "Bundling" is essentially a stealth installation of third party applications alongside with regular software. Developers know that vast majority of users rush download/installation processes and skip most of the steps. For this reason, "bundled" apps are concealed behind "Custom/Advanced" settings (or other sections) of download/installation processes. By carelessly clicking on various advertisements, as well as rushing and skipping download/installation steps users simply expose the system to risk of various infections and put their very own privacy into threat.

How to avoid installation of potentially unwanted applications?

In order to prevent this situation users must be very cautious when browsing the Internet and downloading/installing software. Keep in mind that intrusive advertisements usually look completely appropriate, because developers invest a lot of resources into their design. Luckily, such ads often redirect to questionable websites (e.g., pornography, adult dating, gambling, and similar), which means that distinguishing is easy. In case of such ads/redirects users should remove all suspicious applications and browser plug-ins. Additionally, we highly recommend to pay close attention during the download/installation processes. Always carefully analyze every single step using either "Custom" or "Advanced" settings. While doing so, opt-out additionally included applications and decline all offers to download/install such. It is advised to download apps only from official sources, preferably using direct download links. Crooks often monetize third party downloaders/installers by promoting ("bundling") rogue apps, which is why such tools shouldn't be used. The key to computer safety is caution. If your computer is already infected with PathBrand, we recommend running a scan with Combo Cleaner Antivirus for macOS to automatically eliminate this adware.

PathBrand adware executable and files:

PathBrand adware files

Instant automatic removal of PathBrand potentially unwanted application: Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Combo Cleaner is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of PathBrand potentially unwanted application. Download it by clicking the button below:
▼ DOWNLOAD Combo Cleaner for Mac By downloading any software listed on this website you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Free scanner checks if your computer is infected. To remove malware, you have to purchase the full version of Combo Cleaner.

Quick menu:

Video showing how to remove PathBrand adware using Combo Cleaner:

PathBrand adware removal:

Remove PathBrand-related potentially unwanted applications from your "Applications" folder:

mac browser hijacker removal from applications folder

Click the Finder icon. In the Finder window, select "Applications". In the applications folder, look for "MPlayerX","NicePlayer", or other suspicious applications and drag them to the Trash. After removing the potentially unwanted application(s) that cause online ads, scan your Mac for any remaining unwanted components.

Remove pathbrand potentially unwanted application related files and folders:

Finder go to folder command

Click the Finder icon, from the menu bar. Choose Go, and click Go to Folder...

step1Check for adware-generated files in the /Library/LaunchAgents folder:

removing adware from launch agents folder step 1

In the Go to Folder... bar, type: /Library/LaunchAgents

removing adware from launch agents folder step 2
In the “LaunchAgents” folder, look for any recently-added suspicious files and move them to the Trash. Examples of files generated by adware - “installmac.AppRemoval.plist”, “myppes.download.plist”, “mykotlerino.ltvbit.plist”, “kuklorest.update.plist”, etc. Adware commonly installs several files with the same string.

step2Check for adware generated files in the /Library/Application Support folder:

removing adware from application support folder step 1

In the Go to Folder... bar, type: /Library/Application Support

removing adware from application support folder step 2
In the “Application Support” folder, look for any recently-added suspicious folders. For example, “MplayerX” or “NicePlayer”, and move these folders to the Trash.

step3Check for adware-generated files in the ~/Library/LaunchAgents folder:

removing adware from ~launch agents folder step 1


In the Go to Folder bar, type: ~/Library/LaunchAgents

removing adware from ~launch agents folder step 2

In the “LaunchAgents” folder, look for any recently-added suspicious files and move them to the Trash. Examples of files generated by adware - “installmac.AppRemoval.plist”, “myppes.download.plist”, “mykotlerino.ltvbit.plist”, “kuklorest.update.plist”, etc. Adware commonly installs several files with the same string.

step4Check for adware-generated files in the /Library/LaunchDaemons folder:

removing adware from launch daemons folder step 1
In the Go to Folder... bar, type: /Library/LaunchDaemons

removing adware from launch daemons folder step 2
In the “LaunchDaemons” folder, look for recently-added suspicious files. For example “com.aoudad.net-preferences.plist”, “com.myppes.net-preferences.plist”, "com.kuklorest.net-preferences.plist”, “com.avickUpd.plist”, etc., and move them to the Trash.

step 5 Scan your Mac with Combo Cleaner:

If you have followed all the steps in the correct order you Mac should be clean of infections. To be sure your system is not infected run a scan with Combo Cleaner Antivirus. Download it HERE. After downloading the file double click combocleaner.dmg installer, in the opened window drag and drop Combo Cleaner icon on top of the Applications icon. Now open your launchpad and click on the Combo Cleaner icon. Wait until Combo Cleaner updates it's virus definition database and click "Start Combo Scan" button.

scan-with-combo-cleaner-1

Combo Cleaner will scan your Mac for malware infections. If the antivirus scan displays "no threats found" - this means that you can continue with the removal guide, otherwise it's recommended to remove any found infections before continuing.

scan-with-combo-cleaner-2

After removing files and folders generated by the adware, continue to remove rogue extensions from your Internet browsers.

PathBrand potentially unwanted application removal from Internet browsers:

safari browser iconRemove malicious extensions from Safari:

Remove pathbrand potentially unwanted application related Safari extensions:

safari browser preferences

Open Safari browser, from the menu bar, select "Safari" and click "Preferences...".

safari extensions window

In the preferences window, select "Extensions" and look for any recently-installed suspicious extensions. When located, click the "Uninstall" button next to it/them. Note that you can safely uninstall all extensions from your Safari browser - none are crucial for normal browser operation.

  • If you continue to have problems with browser redirects and unwanted advertisements - Reset Safari.

firefox browser iconRemove malicious plug-ins from Mozilla Firefox:

Remove pathbrand potentially unwanted application related Mozilla Firefox add-ons:

accessing mozilla firefox add-ons

Open your Mozilla Firefox browser. At the top right corner of the screen, click the "Open Menu" (three horizontal lines) button. From the opened menu, choose "Add-ons".

removing malicious add-ons from mozilla firefox

Choose the "Extensions" tab and look for any recently-installed suspicious add-ons. When located, click the "Remove" button next to it/them. Note that you can safely uninstall all extensions from your Mozilla Firefox browser - none are crucial for normal browser operation.

  • If you continue to have problems with browser redirects and unwanted advertisements - Reset Mozilla Firefox.

chrome-browser-iconRemove malicious extensions from Google Chrome:

Remove pathbrand potentially unwanted application related Google Chrome add-ons:

removing malicious google chrome extensions step 1

Open Google Chrome and click the "Chrome menu" (three horizontal lines) button located in the top-right corner of the browser window. From the drop-down menu, choose "More Tools" and select "Extensions".

removing malicious Google Chrome extensions step 2

In the "Extensions" window, look for any recently-installed suspicious add-ons. When located, click the "Trash" button next to it/them. Note that you can safely uninstall all extensions from your Google Chrome browser - none are crucial for normal browser operation.

  • If you continue to have problems with browser redirects and unwanted advertisements - Reset Google Chrome.

About the author:

Tomas Meskauskas

Tomas Meskauskas - expert security researcher, professional malware analyst.

I am passionate about computer security and technology. I have an experience of over 10 years working in various companies related to computer technical issue solving and Internet security. I have been working as an author and editor for pcrisk.com since 2010. Follow me on Twitter and LinkedIn to stay informed about the latest online security threats. Contact Tomas Meskauskas.

PCrisk security portal is brought by a company RCS LT. Joined forces of security researchers help educate computer users about the latest online security threats. More information about the company RCS LT.

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Removal Instructions in other languages
Malware activity

Global virus and spyware activity level today:

Medium threat activity
Medium

Increased attack rate of infections detected within the last 24 hours.

QR Code
PathBrand potentially unwanted application QR code
A QR code (Quick Response Code) is a machine-readable code which stores URLs and other information. This code can be read using a camera on a smartphone or a tablet. Scan this QR code to have an easy access removal guide of PathBrand potentially unwanted application on your mobile device.
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Platform: macOS

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