What is Ministro dell'Economia e delle Finanze email virus?
Typically, cyber criminals behind malspam emails such as this one attempt to trick recipients into downloading and executing a malicious attachment (or opening a file that can be downloaded via a provided website link), which then installs malware.
This particular email has a ZIP file attached, which contains a malicious MS Excel document designed to install Ursnif (also known as Gozi, Dreambot and IFSB).
Ursnif is a malicious program that can record keystrokes, collect saved logins/passwords, web browsing activity, system information, and various other data. Typically, cyber criminals use these programs to steal personal accounts and identities, credit card details, and other sensitive information.
They misuse stolen accounts and/or sensitive information to make fraudulent purchases and transactions, access personal files, send malspam emails, and for other malicious purposes.
Therefore, users with computers infected by Ursnif might become victims of identity theft, suffer monetary loss, lose access to various personal accounts, and encounter other serious problems. Therefore, you are strongly advised not to trust these emails - leave files and links within them unopened.
|Name||Ministro Dell'Economia E Delle Finanze spam|
|Threat Type||Trojan, password-stealing virus, banking malware, spyware.|
|Hoax||Message from the Minister of Economy and Finance.|
|Attachment(s)||sviluppo_economico_12__420.zip (its name may vary).|
|Detection Names (sviluppo_economico_12__420.xlsb)||Alibaba (TrojanDownloader:VBA/MalDoc.ali1000101), Cyren (XF/SneakyBin.O.gen!Camelot), ESET-NOD32 (DOC/Kryptik.Q), Kaspersky (HEUR:Trojan.MSOffice.SAgent.gen), Full List Of Detections (VirusTotal).|
|Symptoms||Trojans are designed to stealthily infiltrate the victim's computer and remain silent, and thus no particular symptoms are clearly visible on an infected machine.|
|Distribution methods||Infected email attachments, malicious online advertisements, social engineering, software 'cracks'.|
|Damage||Stolen passwords and banking information, identity theft, the victim's computer added to a botnet.|
|Malware Removal (Windows)||
To eliminate possible malware infections, scan your computer with legitimate antivirus software. Our security researchers recommend using Combo Cleaner.
Some examples of other similar malspam campaigns are "Teco New Order Email Virus", "Tasco Email Virus" and "Transcrop Bank Email Virus". Note that, in most cases, cyber criminals disguise such emails as official messages from legitimate companies, organizations or other entities. Examples of malware distributed in this way are Agent Tesla, Dridex and Adwind.
How did "Ministro dell'Economia e delle Finanze email virus" infect my computer?
Recipients install Ursnif via this malspam email when they download the attached ZIP file, extract a malicious MS Excel file, open it and enable macros commands (enable editing/content). Note that malicious documents that are opened with Microsoft Office 2010 or newer versions install malicious software only if users enable macros commands (enable editing/content).
These versions include "Protected View" mode, which does not allow opened malicious documents to install malware automatically. Older versions do not include this feature and install malicious software without asking permission.
How to avoid installation of malware
To avoid malware spread via spam mail, you are strongly advised against opening suspicious or irrelevant emails, especially those with any attachments or links present within them.
Additionally, use Microsoft Office versions released after 2010. Malicious programs also proliferate through untrusted download channels (e.g. unofficial and free file-hosting sites, Peer-to-Peer sharing networks and other third party downloaders), illegal software activation ("cracking") tools, and fake updaters.
Therefore, only download from official/verified sources and activate and update software with tools/functions provided by legitimate developers. To ensure device integrity and user privacy, have a reputable anti-virus/anti-spyware suite installed and kept updated.
Furthermore, use these programs to run regular system scans and to remove detected/potential threats. If you have already opened file in the Ministro dell'Economia e delle Finanze email, we recommend running a scan with Combo Cleaner Antivirus for Windows to automatically eliminate infiltrated malware.
Text presented in the "Ministro dell'Economia e delle Finanze email virus" email message:
Subject: documento 948
Oggetto: Progetto riapertura parziale dell'attivita commerciale e produttiva
ai fini della ripartenza dell'economia: indicazioni per le attivita
Il ministro dell'economia e delle finanze;
DISPONE URGENTEMENTE ai titolari di attivita di verificare mediante
l'archivio allegato a questa e-mail le ultime modifiche effettuate al decreto
e l'eventuale presenza della loro tipologia di impresa
all'interno dei nuovi elenchi di imprese sospese, ed eventuali modalita
associate, in modo da gestire le riaperture con un ragionevole anticipo.
Le disposizioni del presente decreto verranno rese effettive in data
Il Ministro dello sviluppo economico
Firmato digitalmente da: STEFANO PATUANELLI
Organizzazione : MISE/763649992911978
Malicious attachment distributed via Ministro dell'Economia e delle Finanze email virus spam campaign:
Malicious Excel document detected as a threat in Virustotal:
Instant automatic malware removal:
Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Combo Cleaner is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of malware. Download it by clicking the button below:
- What is Ministro Dell'Economia E Delle Finanze spam?
- Types of malicious emails.
- How to spot a malicious email?
- What to do if you fell for an email scam?
Types of malicious emails:
Most commonly, cybercriminals use deceptive emails to trick Internet users into giving away their sensitive private information, for example, login information for various online services, email accounts, or online banking information.
Such attacks are called phishing. In a phishing attack, cybercriminals usually send an email message with some popular service logo (for example, Microsoft, DHL, Amazon, Netflix), create urgency (wrong shipping address, expired password, etc.), and place a link which they hope their potential victims will click on.
After clicking the link presented in such email message, victims are redirected to a fake website that looks identical or extremely similar to the original one. Victims are then asked to enter their password, credit card details, or some other information that gets stolen by cybercriminals.
Emails with Malicious Attachments
Another popular attack vector is email spam with malicious attachments that infect users' computers with malware. Malicious attachments usually carry trojans that are capable of stealing passwords, banking information, and other sensitive information.
In such attacks, cybercriminals' main goal is to trick their potential victims into opening an infected email attachment. To achieve this goal, email messages usually talk about recently received invoices, faxes, or voice messages.
If a potential victim falls for the lure and opens the attachment, their computers get infected, and cybercriminals can collect a lot of sensitive information.
While it's a more complicated method to steal personal information (spam filters and antivirus programs usually detect such attempts), if successful, cybercriminals can get a much wider array of data and can collect information for a long period of time.
This is a type of phishing. In this case, users receive an email claiming that a cybercriminal could access the webcam of the potential victim and has a video recording of one's masturbation.
To get rid of the video, victims are asked to pay a ransom (usually using Bitcoin or another cryptocurrency). Nevertheless, all of these claims are false - users who receive such emails should ignore and delete them.
How to spot a malicious email?
While cyber criminals try to make their lure emails look trustworthy, here are some things that you should look for when trying to spot a phishing email:
- Check the sender's ("from") email address: Hover your mouse over the "from" address and check if it's legitimate. For example, if you received an email from Microsoft, be sure to check if the email address is @microsoft.com and not something suspicious like @m1crosoft.com, @microsfot.com, @account-security-noreply.com, etc.
- Check for generic greetings: If the greeting in the email is "Dear user", "Dear @youremail.com", "Dear valued customer", this should raise suspiciousness. Most commonly, companies call you by your name. Lack of this information could signal a phishing attempt.
- Check the links in the email: Hover your mouse over the link presented in the email, if the link that appears seems suspicious, don't click it. For example, if you received an email from Microsoft and the link in the email shows that it will go to firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0... you shouldn't trust it. It's best not to click any links in the emails but to visit the company website that sent you the email in the first place.
- Don't blindly trust email attachments: Most commonly, legitimate companies will ask you to log in to their website and to view any documents there; if you received an email with an attachment, it's a good idea to scan it with an antivirus application. Infected email attachments are a common attack vector used by cybercriminals.
To minimise the risk of opening phishing and malicious emails we recommend using Combo Cleaner Antivirus for Windows.
Example of a spam email:
What to do if you fell for an email scam?
- If you clicked on a link in a phishing email and entered your password - be sure to change your password as soon as possible. Usually, cybercriminals collect stolen credentials and then sell them to other groups that use them for malicious purposes. If you change your password in a timely manner, there's a chance that criminals won't have enough time to do any damage.
- If you entered your credit card information - contact your bank as soon as possible and explain the situation. There's a good chance that you will need to cancel your compromised credit card and get a new one.
- If you see any signs of identity theft - you should immediately contact the Federal Trade Commission. This institution will collect information about your situation and create a personal recovery plan.
- If you opened a malicious attachment - your computer is probably infected, you should scan it with a reputable antivirus application. For this purpose, we recommend using Combo Cleaner Antivirus for Windows.
- Help other Internet users - report phishing emails to Anti-Phishing Working Group, FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center, National Fraud Information Center and U.S. Department of Justice.