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How to remove the TypeInitiator adware?

Also Known As: Ads by TypeInitiator
Type: Mac Virus
Damage level: Medium

What is TypeInitiator?

TypeInitiator is a type of software that generates revenue for its developer by automatically displaying advertisements. It is important to mention that this app has characteristics of a browser hijacker - it changes certain browser's settings to promote a fake search engine. Typically, users download and install apps oft his type unknowingly. For this reason, they are called potentially unwanted applications (PUAs).

TypeInitiator adware

TypeInitiator in detail

Usually, applications like TypeInitiator generate banners, coupons, surveys, pop-up ads and other advertisements. The problem with ads displayed by apps like TypeInitiator is that they can be designed to open untrustworthy websites (pages like jagmocutiong[.]com, dency[.]site and so on), or run certain scripts and cause unexpected downloads, installations (download or install PUAs).

Therefore, it is not safe to click ads that appear because an app like TypeInitiator is installed on a browser or the operating system. Another reason not to download and install TypeInitiator is that this app hijacks browsers by changing their settings.

More precisely, this app promotes a fake search engine (its address) by changing settings such as the address of a default search engine, homepage and new tab. Usually, fake search engines show results generated by legitimate engines like Yahoo, Google, or they generate their own results that may contain links to potentially malicious pages.

In one way or another, it highly advisable not to use any fake search engines or trust apps designed to promote them. One more problem with adware-type apps and browser hijackers is that they can be designed to collect IP addresses, geolocations, addresses of opened pages, entered search queries, and other browsing data or even sensitive details.

In some cases, apps of this kind are capable of accessing data that could be used to steal online accounts, identities, make fraudulent purchases, unauthorized transactions, and so on. More precisely, apps of this kind can be designed to collect login credentials, credit card details, email addresses, names, surnames and other personal information.

Threat Summary:
Name Ads by TypeInitiator
Threat Type Adware, Mac malware, Mac virus
Detection Names (.service) Avast (MacOS:Adload-AM [Trj]), AVG (MacOS:Adload-AM [Trj]), ESET-NOD32 (A Variant Of OSX/TrojanDownloader.Adload.AE), Kaspersky (Not-a-virus:HEUR:AdWare.OSX.Cimpli.m), Full List (VirusTotal)
Detection Names (.system) Avast (MacOS:Adload-AM [Trj]), AVG (MacOS:Adload-AM [Trj]), ESET-NOD32 (A Variant Of OSX/TrojanDownloader.Adload.AE), Kaspersky (Not-a-virus:HEUR:AdWare.OSX.Cimpli.m), Full List (VirusTotal)
Additional Information This application belongs to Adload malware family.
Symptoms Your Mac becomes slower than normal, you see unwanted pop-up ads, you are redirected to dubious websites.
Distribution methods Deceptive pop-up ads, free software installers (bundling), fake Flash Player installers, torrent file downloads.
Damage Internet browser tracking (potential privacy issues), display of unwanted ads, redirects to dubious websites, loss of private information.
Malware Removal (Mac)

To eliminate possible malware infections, scan your Mac with legitimate antivirus software. Our security researchers recommend using Combo Cleaner.
▼ Download Combo Cleaner for Mac
To use full-featured product, you have to purchase a license for Combo Cleaner. Limited three days free trial available.

More adware examples

StartEssentials, CharacterSearch, and DefaultUpgrade are the names of other adware-type applications. It is worth mentioning that there are lots of other apps of this type on the Internet. Typically, they are useless to their users and can cause various problems. As a rule, the main purpose of adware is to generate revenue for its developer by displaying advertisements.

How did TypeInitiator install on my computer?

Research shows that TypeInitiator is distributed through a deceptive installer that looks like the installer for Adobe Flash Player. It is very common for fake installers to be used as tools to distribute potentially unwanted applications or even malicious programs like trojans, ransomware. It is strongly recommended not to trust apps that are distributed using unofficial installers.

In some cases, users unintentionally download or install potentially unwanted applications by clicking deceptive advertisements. More precisely, when they click advertisements designed to run certain scripts. It is worth mentioning that ads that can cause downloads, installations appear mostly on untrustworthy websites.

More often, users download, install potentially unwanted apps through downloaders, installers for other programs - when apps of this kind are included as additional offers and users do not decline them. Typically, offers to download or install PUAs can be declined by unticking ticked checkboxes or via "Custom", "Advanced", "Manual", or other settings. When users finish downloads and installations without making changes in those settings, they agree to download and install both wanted and unwanted apps.

How to avoid installation of potentially unwanted applications?

It is strongly advisable not to use third-party downloaders or installers, questionable websites, Peer-to-Peer networks (e.g., torrent clients, eMule), etc., to download or install programs files. It is common that the aforementioned sources are used to distribute PUAs, malicious apps/files. Downloads should come from reliable sources such as official websites and direct links.

Also, it is not recommended to finish downloads and installations without checking downloaders, installers for "Custom", "Advanced" and other settings and declining unwanted offers. Additionally, it is advisable not to click any ads that questionable websites (for example, on pages relating to gambling, pornography, adult dating) have on them.

Those ads are likely to be used to promote potentially malicious websites or cause unwanted downloads, installations. Also, there should not be any unwanted extensions, plug-ins, or add-ons installed on a browser or programs of this kind installed on the operating system. If your computer is already infected with TypeInitiator, we recommend running a scan with Combo Cleaner Antivirus for macOS to automatically eliminate this adware.

Text in the pop-up window displayed when TypeInitiator adware is present on the system:

"TypeInitiatord" will damage your computer.
 
This file was downloaded on an unknown date.

OK
Show in Finder

Delusive application installer promoting TypeInitiator adware:

Delusive installer used to promote TypeInitiator adware

Delusive application installer promoting TypeInitiator adware (second installation step):

typeinitiator adware installer step 2

Files related to the TypeInitiator adware that need to be removed:

  • ~/Library/Application Support/.[random_string]/Services/com.TypeInitiator.service.app
  • ~/Library/LaunchAgents/com.TypeInitiator.service.plist
  • /Library/Application Support/.[random_string]/System/com.TypeInitiator.system
  • /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.TypeInitiator.system.plist

IMPORTANT NOTE! In some cases malicious applications like TypeInitiator alter system proxy settings, thereby causing unwanted redirects to a variety of questionable websites.

The redirects are likely to remain even after removing the application itself. Thus, you'll have to restore them manually.

Step 1: Click on the gear icon in the Dock to navigate to the system settings. If the icon is not present in the Dock, you can find it in the Launchpad.

Changing proxy settings - navigate to the system settings

Step 2: Navigate to the Network settings.

Changing proxy settings - navigate to the network settings

Step 3: Select the connected network and click "Advanced...".

Changing proxy settings - select the connected network and click Advanced...

Step 4: Click on the "Proxies" tab and untick all the protocols. You should also set the settings of each protocol to default - "*.local, 169.254/16".

Changing proxy settings - untick all the options and set their settings to default

Instant automatic Mac malware removal: Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Combo Cleaner is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of Mac malware. Download it by clicking the button below:
▼ DOWNLOAD Combo Cleaner for Mac By downloading any software listed on this website you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. To use full-featured product, you have to purchase a license for Combo Cleaner. Limited three days free trial available.

Quick menu:

Video showing how to remove TypeInitiator adware using Combo Cleaner:

TypeInitiator adware removal:

Remove TypeInitiator-related potentially unwanted applications from your "Applications" folder:

mac browser hijacker removal from applications folder

Click the Finder icon. In the Finder window, select "Applications". In the applications folder, look for "MPlayerX", "NicePlayer", or other suspicious applications and drag them to the Trash. After removing the potentially unwanted application(s) that cause online ads, scan your Mac for any remaining unwanted components.

Remove ads by typeinitiator related files and folders:

Finder go to folder command

Click the Finder icon, from the menu bar. Choose Go, and click Go to Folder...

step1Check for adware-generated files in the /Library/LaunchAgents folder:

removing adware from launch agents folder step 1

In the Go to Folder... bar, type: /Library/LaunchAgents

removing adware from launch agents folder step 2
In the “LaunchAgents” folder, look for any recently-added suspicious files and move them to the Trash. Examples of files generated by adware - “installmac.AppRemoval.plist”, “myppes.download.plist”, “mykotlerino.ltvbit.plist”, “kuklorest.update.plist”, etc. Adware commonly installs several files with the same string.

step2Check for adware generated files in the /Library/Application Support folder:

removing adware from application support folder step 1

In the Go to Folder... bar, type: /Library/Application Support

removing adware from application support folder step 2
In the “Application Support” folder, look for any recently-added suspicious folders. For example, “MplayerX” or “NicePlayer”, and move these folders to the Trash.

step3Check for adware-generated files in the ~/Library/LaunchAgents folder:

removing adware from ~launch agents folder step 1


In the Go to Folder bar, type: ~/Library/LaunchAgents

removing adware from ~launch agents folder step 2

In the “LaunchAgents” folder, look for any recently-added suspicious files and move them to the Trash. Examples of files generated by adware - “installmac.AppRemoval.plist”, “myppes.download.plist”, “mykotlerino.ltvbit.plist”, “kuklorest.update.plist”, etc. Adware commonly installs several files with the same string.

step4Check for adware-generated files in the /Library/LaunchDaemons folder:

removing adware from launch daemons folder step 1
In the Go to Folder... bar, type: /Library/LaunchDaemons

removing adware from launch daemons folder step 2
In the “LaunchDaemons” folder, look for recently-added suspicious files. For example “com.aoudad.net-preferences.plist”, “com.myppes.net-preferences.plist”, "com.kuklorest.net-preferences.plist”, “com.avickUpd.plist”, etc., and move them to the Trash.

step 5 Scan your Mac with Combo Cleaner:

If you have followed all the steps in the correct order you Mac should be clean of infections. To be sure your system is not infected run a scan with Combo Cleaner Antivirus. Download it HERE. After downloading the file double click combocleaner.dmg installer, in the opened window drag and drop Combo Cleaner icon on top of the Applications icon. Now open your launchpad and click on the Combo Cleaner icon. Wait until Combo Cleaner updates it's virus definition database and click "Start Combo Scan" button.

scan-with-combo-cleaner-1

Combo Cleaner will scan your Mac for malware infections. If the antivirus scan displays "no threats found" - this means that you can continue with the removal guide, otherwise it's recommended to remove any found infections before continuing.

scan-with-combo-cleaner-2

After removing files and folders generated by the adware, continue to remove rogue extensions from your Internet browsers.

Ads by TypeInitiator removal from Internet browsers:

safari browser iconRemove malicious extensions from Safari:

Remove ads by typeinitiator related Safari extensions:

safari browser preferences

Open Safari browser, from the menu bar, select "Safari" and click "Preferences...".

safari extensions window

In the preferences window, select "Extensions" and look for any recently-installed suspicious extensions. When located, click the "Uninstall" button next to it/them. Note that you can safely uninstall all extensions from your Safari browser - none are crucial for normal browser operation.

  • If you continue to have problems with browser redirects and unwanted advertisements - Reset Safari.

firefox browser iconRemove malicious plug-ins from Mozilla Firefox:

Remove ads by typeinitiator related Mozilla Firefox add-ons:

accessing mozilla firefox add-ons

Open your Mozilla Firefox browser. At the top right corner of the screen, click the "Open Menu" (three horizontal lines) button. From the opened menu, choose "Add-ons".

removing malicious add-ons from mozilla firefox

Choose the "Extensions" tab and look for any recently-installed suspicious add-ons. When located, click the "Remove" button next to it/them. Note that you can safely uninstall all extensions from your Mozilla Firefox browser - none are crucial for normal browser operation.

  • If you continue to have problems with browser redirects and unwanted advertisements - Reset Mozilla Firefox.

chrome-browser-iconRemove malicious extensions from Google Chrome:

Remove ads by typeinitiator related Google Chrome add-ons:

removing malicious google chrome extensions step 1

Open Google Chrome and click the "Chrome menu" (three horizontal lines) button located in the top-right corner of the browser window. From the drop-down menu, choose "More Tools" and select "Extensions".

removing malicious Google Chrome extensions step 2

In the "Extensions" window, look for any recently-installed suspicious add-ons. When located, click the "Trash" button next to it/them. Note that you can safely uninstall all extensions from your Google Chrome browser - none are crucial for normal browser operation.

  • If you continue to have problems with browser redirects and unwanted advertisements - Reset Google Chrome.

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About the author:

Tomas Meskauskas

Tomas Meskauskas - expert security researcher, professional malware analyst.

I am passionate about computer security and technology. I have an experience of over 10 years working in various companies related to computer technical issue solving and Internet security. I have been working as an author and editor for pcrisk.com since 2010. Follow me on Twitter and LinkedIn to stay informed about the latest online security threats. Contact Tomas Meskauskas.

PCrisk security portal is brought by a company RCS LT. Joined forces of security researchers help educate computer users about the latest online security threats. More information about the company RCS LT.

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Removal Instructions in other languages
Malware activity

Global malware activity level today:

Medium threat activity

Increased attack rate of infections detected within the last 24 hours.

QR Code
Ads by TypeInitiator QR code
Scan this QR code to have an easy access removal guide of Ads by TypeInitiator on your mobile device.
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