How to eliminate the RevengeRAT virus

Also Known As: Revetrat virus
Type: Trojan
Distribution: Low
Damage level: Severe

RevengeRAT virus removal guide

What is RevengeRAT?

RevengeRAT (also known as Revetrat) is high-risk computer infection categorized as a remote access trojan (RAT). The purpose of this malware is to provide cyber criminals with remote access to the infected machine and allow them to manipulate it. Research shows that cyber criminals proliferate this infection using spam email campaigns (malicious MS Office attachments). Having a trojan-type infection such as RevengeRAT installed on your computer can cause many issues.

RevengeRAT malware

RATs allow threat actors (cyber criminals) to manipulate infected machines remotely. Using RevengeRAT, they can manage system services/process/files, edit the Windows Registry entries and hosts file, log keystrokes, steal account credentials, access hardware (e.g., webcam), execute shell commands, and so on. Therefore, these people can cause significant damage. Firstly, modifications performed to the system might diminish performance, and recovery could be difficult or even impossible. Additionally, by logging keystrokes and stealing account credentials, cyber criminals cause serious privacy issues. Threat actors aim to generate as much revenue as possible. Therefore, hijacked bank, social network, email, and other accounts can be misused in various ways, such as through direct money transfers, online purchases, borrowing money from users' contacts, and so on. Victims of this trojan could lose savings, accrue significant debt, and have their identities stolen. RevengeRAT also allows cyber criminals to execute shell commands to control the system in various ways. Be aware that shell commands are used to cause chain infections by injecting additional malware into the system. RATs such as RevengeRAT are typically used to proliferate infections that have different capabilities/purposes (e.g., ransomware, cryptominers, etc.). In summary, RevengeRAT poses a significant threat to your privacy/computer safety and should be eliminated immediately.

Threat Summary:
Name Revetrat virus
Threat Type Trojan, Password-stealing virus, Banking malware, Spyware
Detection Names Avast (Win32:MalwareX-gen [Trj]), BitDefender (Gen:Variant.Binder.1), ESET-NOD32 (Win32/TrojanDropper.Binder.NBH), Kaspersky (, Full List (VirusTotal)
Symptoms Trojans are designed to stealthily infiltrate the victim's computer and remain silent, and thus no particular symptoms are clearly visible on an infected machine.
Distribution methods Infected email attachments, malicious online advertisements, social engineering, software 'cracks'.
Damage Stolen banking information, passwords, identity theft, victim's computer added to a botnet.

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There are many trojan-type infections that have similar characteristics to RevengeRAT including TrickBot, FormBook, Emotet, Hancitor, and Adwind - the list of examples goes on. The functionality might slightly differ (some gather information, whilst others cause chain infections, mine cryptocurrency, and so on), however, they all pose threat to your privacy and computer safety. Therefore, remove trojan-type infections immediately.

How did RevengeRAT infiltrate my computer?

As mentioned above, RevengeRAT is typically proliferated using spam email campaigns that deliver malicious Microsoft Office documents, however, to hide their traces and avoid anti-virus detection, cyber criminals perform a sequence of actions to inject malware into the system. Once opened, the deceptive attachment asks to enable macro commands. Once enabled, the document will use a template injection technique to download and open a OLE document, which contains the malicious macros. This document uses macro commands to download and run an MS Excel file that decodes and executes another command used to download a malicious JavaScript. The script is hosted on a Blogspot page, the domain of which is shortened using the service. Malicious JavaScript is then executed, which grabs commands from Pastebin pages and ultimately runs them to inject RevengeRAT into the system. Before performing this, however, the malicious JavaScript kills a number of running processes, including Windows Defender and several apps relating to Microsoft Office. It also disables the Office's Protected View mode. The entire process may seem complicated, however, it is quite simple. Bear in mind that Blogspot,, and Pastebin are legitimate websites/services and have no association with RevengeRAT malware. These are simply tools used by cyber criminals. Furthermore, RevengeRAT is publicly accessible in hacker forums and, therefore, anyone can download and start proliferating this malware, and the distribution methods are likely to vary. Trojan-type infections are also often distributed using unofficial software download sources (free file hosting websites, freeware download websites, Peer-to-Peer [P2P] networks, etc.), and fake updaters/cracks.

How to avoid installation of malware?

Handle all email attachments with care. If the received attachment is irrelevant or does not concern you, do not open anything. Files/links received from suspicious/unrecognizable email addresses should be ignored. Bear in mind that criminals often send emails containing messages that are literally too good to be true (e.g., "you have won a million dollars", "someone transferred money to your bank account", etc.). Attachments are often presented as 'important documents' (e.g., invoices, receipts, bills, etc.). Never fall for these tricks. Also use 2010 or newer versions of Microsoft Office, since previous versions are not implemented with Protected View mode, which prevents new documents from automatically running macro commands. Download programs from official sources only, preferably using direct download links. Third party downloaders/installers, often include rogue applications and, therefore, these tools should never be used. Keep installed applications/operating systems up-to-date, however, use only implemented functions or tools provided by the official developer. Cracking applications should also not be considered, since software piracy is a cyber crime and many cracking tools are fake. Thus, the risk of infections is extremely high. The key to computer safety is caution. If you believe that your computer is already infected, we recommend running a scan with Spyhunter for Windows to automatically eliminate infiltrated malware.

Instant automatic malware removal: Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Spyhunter is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of malware. Download it by clicking the button below:
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How to remove malware manually?

Manual malware removal is a complicated task - usually it is best to allow antivirus or anti-malware programs to do this automatically. To remove this malware we recommend using Spyhunter for Windows. If you wish to remove malware manually, the first step is to identify the name of the malware that you are trying to remove. Here is an example of a suspicious program running on a user's computer:

malicious process running on user's computer sample

If you checked the list of programs running on your computer, for example, using task manager, and identified a program that looks suspicious, you should continue with these steps:

manual malware removal step 1 Download a program called Autoruns. This program shows auto-start applications, Registry, and file system locations:

screenshot of autoruns application

manual malware removal step 2Restart your computer into Safe Mode:

Windows XP and Windows 7 users: Start your computer in Safe Mode. Click Start, click Shut Down, click Restart, click OK. During your computer start process, press the F8 key on your keyboard multiple times until you see the Windows Advanced Option menu, and then select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.

Safe Mode with Networking

Video showing how to start Windows 7 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 8 users: Start Windows 8 is Safe Mode with Networking - Go to Windows 8 Start Screen, type Advanced, in the search results select Settings. Click Advanced startup options, in the opened "General PC Settings" window, select Advanced startup. Click the "Restart now" button. Your computer will now restart into the "Advanced Startup options menu". Click the "Troubleshoot" button, and then click the "Advanced options" button. In the advanced option screen, click "Startup settings". Click the "Restart" button. Your PC will restart into the Startup Settings screen. Press F5 to boot in Safe Mode with Networking.

Windows 8 Safe Mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 8 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 10 users: Click the Windows logo and select the Power icon. In the opened menu click "Restart" while holding "Shift" button on your keyboard. In the "choose an option" window click on the "Troubleshoot", next select "Advanced options". In the advanced options menu select "Startup Settings" and click on the "Restart" button. In the following window you should click the "F5" button on your keyboard. This will restart your operating system in safe mode with networking.

windows 10 safe mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 10 in "Safe Mode with Networking":


manual malware removal step 3Extract the downloaded archive and run the Autoruns.exe file.

extract and run autoruns.exe

manual malware removal step 4In the Autoruns application, click "Options" at the top and uncheck the "Hide Empty Locations" and "Hide Windows Entries" options. After this procedure, click the "Refresh" icon.

Click 'Options' at the top and uncheck 'Hide Empty Locations' and 'Hide Windows Entries' options

manual malware removal step 5Check the list provided by the Autoruns application and locate the malware file that you want to eliminate.

You should write down its full path and name. Note that some malware hides process names under legitimate Windows process names. At this stage, it is very important to avoid removing system files. After you locate the suspicious program you wish to remove, right click your mouse over its name and choose "Delete".

locate the malware file you want to remove

After removing the malware through the Autoruns application (this ensures that the malware will not run automatically on the next system startup), you should search for the malware name on your computer. Be sure to enable hidden files and folders before proceeding. If you find the filename of the malware, be sure to remove it.

searching for malware file on your computer

Reboot your computer in normal mode. Following these steps should remove any malware from your computer. Note that manual threat removal requires advanced computer skills. If you do not have these skills, leave malware removal to antivirus and anti-malware programs. These steps might not work with advanced malware infections. As always it is best to prevent infection than try to remove malware later. To keep your computer safe, install the latest operating system updates and use antivirus software.

To be sure your computer is free of malware infections, we recommend scanning it with Spyhunter for Windows.

About the author:

Tomas Meskauskas

Tomas Meskauskas - expert security researcher, professional malware analyst.

I am passionate about computer security and technology. I have an experience of over 10 years working in various companies related to computer technical issue solving and Internet security. I have been working as an author and editor for since 2010. Follow me on Twitter and LinkedIn to stay informed about the latest online security threats. Contact Tomas Meskauskas.

PCrisk security portal is brought by a company RCS LT. Joined forces of security researchers help educate computer users about the latest online security threats. More information about the company RCS LT.

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Malware activity

Global malware activity level today:

Medium threat activity

Increased attack rate of infections detected within the last 24 hours.

QR Code
Revetrat virus QR code
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