Mapo ransomware removal instructions
What is Mapo?
Mapo is a new variant of another ransomware called Outsider. Like most programs of this type, it encrypts data, changes extensions of encrypted files and creates a ransom note. It appends the ".mapo" extension to a filename of every encrypted file, for example, it changes "1.jpg" to "1.jpg.mapo", and so on. Also, it drops the "MAPO-README.txt" which is a ransom note. Cyber criminals use Mapo with a purpose to extract money from victims by leaving them with no other choice but to pay a ransom.
As stated in the "MAPO-README.txt" text file, Mapo encrypts data with the RSA encryption algorithm and the only way to decrypt it is to use a decryption tool that can be purchased only from people who developed this ransomware. Instructions on how to make a payment should be provided after contacting cyber criminals by sending them an email to email@example.com with the "MAPO-README.txt" file attached to it. Victims are offered a free decryption of one file, they can attach it to the email as well. Also, it is mentioned that by trying to decrypt files with other tools, delete or modify them victims will cause permanent data loss. It is made clear that the only way to decrypt files is by using a tool that can be purchased only from developers of Mapo. Unfortunately, there are no other tools that could decrypt files encrypted by Mapo, at least not at the moment. However, we do not recommend to trust these cyber criminals and pay them a ransom. It is very likely that they will not send a decryption tool even after a payment. Typically, files can be recovered without having to pay a ransom only by restoring them from an existing backup, otherwise files remain encrypted, even if victims uninstall ransomware from the operating system. It is worth mentioning that uninstalling ransomware only prevents it from causing further encryptions.
Screenshot of a message encouraging users to pay a ransom to decrypt their compromised data:
What most ransomware-type programs have in common is that they are designed to encrypt data and used to extract money from victims. The two main differences are price of a decryption software and/or key and encryption algorithm (symmetric or asymmetric) that is used to lock victim's files. As a rule, it is impossible to decrypt files without tools that can be provided only by cyber criminals who designed ransomware. It is possible to avoid that only when ransomware is not completely developed, contains bugs, flaws, and so on. That is why it is always a good idea to have a backup of data created and keep it on a remote server (like Cloud) or unplugged storage device. Examples of other ransomware are Bitx, ROGER and MarioLocker.
How did ransomware infect my computer?
|Threat Type||Ransomware, Crypto Virus, Files locker|
|Encrypted Files Extension||.mapo|
|Ransom Demanding Message||MAPO-README.txt|
|Cyber Criminal Contactfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Symptoms||Cannot open files stored on your computer, previously functional files now have a different extension (for example, my.docx.locked). A ransom demand message is displayed on your desktop. Cyber criminals demand payment of a ransom (usually in bitcoins) to unlock your files.|
|Distribution methods||Infected email attachments (macros), torrent websites, malicious ads.|
|Damage||All files are encrypted and cannot be opened without paying a ransom. Additional password-stealing trojans and malware infections can be installed together with a ransomware infection.|
To eliminate Mapo virus our malware researchers recommend scanning your computer with Spyhunter.
How to protect yourself from ransomware infections?
It is important not to open attachments (or links) in emails that are received from unknown, untrustworthy, suspicious addresses. It is worth mentioning that cyber criminals often disguise their emails (and files in them) as official, important, and so on. Also, we strongly recommend to update installed programs using only implemented functions or tools that provided by official developers and not some third party tools. Furthermore, software should not be downloaded via untrustworthy and unofficial websites or any other sources that we mentioned in the previous paragraph. The safest way to achieve it is by using official pages and direct download links. Installed software should be activated properly, various unofficial, 'cracking' tools often lead to having a computer infected with malware. Besides, it is not even legal to use such tools to activate paid software. And finally, we advise to regularly scan the operating system with a reputable anti-spyware or antivirus software. If your computer is already infected with Mapo, we recommend running a scan with Spyhunter for Windows to automatically eliminate this ransomware.
Text presented in Mapo ransomware's text file ("MAPO-README.txt"):
! STRICTLY FORBIDDEN TO USE NON-ORIGIN DECRYPTION TOOLS OR MODIFYING ENCRYPTED FILES - DATA WILL BE LOST !
Due vulnerability in local system all of the files has been protected with MAPO RSA.Private.Key to safe them from unathorized 3rd party access.
To RESTORE all of your files, please follow this simple steps:
1. MAPO service charges a payment for file decryption;
2. Contact us with attached (MAPO-Readme.txt) file to the message;
3. Receive your unique decryption tool;
4. Run the decryption tool and successfully restore all files.
100% Successful restoring of all files
100% Satisfaction guarantee
100% Fast and secure service
As a proof of our trusted decryption service, you can send us 1 file and get it decrypted for free.
! STRICTLY FORBIDDEN TO USE NON-ORIGIN DECRYPTION TOOLS OR MODIFYING ENCRYPTED FILES - DATA WILL BE LOST !
! DO NOT DELETE THIS FILE !
! DO NOT MODIFY, FILE CONTAINS SENSITIVE DATA !
Payments accepted: Bitcoin (BTC)
email@example.com / MAPO © 2019
=== Key verify ===
Screenshot of files encrypted by Mapo ransomware (".mapo" extension):
Mapo ransomware removal:
Instant automatic removal of Mapo virus:
Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Spyhunter is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of Mapo virus. Download it by clicking the button below:
- What is Mapo?
- STEP 1. Mapo virus removal using safe mode with networking.
- STEP 2. Mapo ransomware removal using System Restore.
Windows XP and Windows 7 users: Start your computer in Safe Mode. Click Start, click Shut Down, click Restart, click OK. During your computer start process, press the F8 key on your keyboard multiple times until you see the Windows Advanced Option menu, and then select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.
Video showing how to start Windows 7 in "Safe Mode with Networking":
Windows 8 users: Start Windows 8 is Safe Mode with Networking - Go to Windows 8 Start Screen, type Advanced, in the search results select Settings. Click Advanced startup options, in the opened "General PC Settings" window, select Advanced startup. Click the "Restart now" button. Your computer will now restart into the "Advanced Startup options menu". Click the "Troubleshoot" button, and then click the "Advanced options" button. In the advanced option screen, click "Startup settings". Click the "Restart" button. Your PC will restart into the Startup Settings screen. Press F5 to boot in Safe Mode with Networking.
Video showing how to start Windows 8 in "Safe Mode with Networking":
Windows 10 users: Click the Windows logo and select the Power icon. In the opened menu click "Restart" while holding "Shift" button on your keyboard. In the "choose an option" window click on the "Troubleshoot", next select "Advanced options". In the advanced options menu select "Startup Settings" and click on the "Restart" button. In the following window you should click the "F5" button on your keyboard. This will restart your operating system in safe mode with networking.
Video showing how to start Windows 10 in "Safe Mode with Networking":
Log in to the account infected with the Mapo virus. Start your Internet browser and download a legitimate anti-spyware program. Update the anti-spyware software and start a full system scan. Remove all entries detected.
If you cannot start your computer in Safe Mode with Networking, try performing a System Restore.
Video showing how to remove ransomware virus using "Safe Mode with Command Prompt" and "System Restore":
1. During your computer start process, press the F8 key on your keyboard multiple times until the Windows Advanced Options menu appears, and then select Safe Mode with Command Prompt from the list and press ENTER.
2. When Command Prompt mode loads, enter the following line: cd restore and press ENTER.
3. Next, type this line: rstrui.exe and press ENTER.
4. In the opened window, click "Next".
5. Select one of the available Restore Points and click "Next" (this will restore your computer system to an earlier time and date, prior to the Mapo ransomware virus infiltrating your PC).
6. In the opened window, click "Yes".
7. After restoring your computer to a previous date, download and scan your PC with recommended malware removal software to eliminate any remaining Mapo ransomware files.
To restore individual files encrypted by this ransomware, try using Windows Previous Versions feature. This method is only effective if the System Restore function was enabled on an infected operating system. Note that some variants of Mapo are known to remove Shadow Volume Copies of the files, so this method may not work on all computers.
To restore a file, right-click over it, go into Properties, and select the Previous Versions tab. If the relevant file has a Restore Point, select it and click the "Restore" button.
If you cannot start your computer in Safe Mode with Networking (or with Command Prompt), boot your computer using a rescue disk. Some variants of ransomware disable Safe Mode making its removal complicated. For this step, you require access to another computer.
To protect your computer from file encryption ransomware such as this, use reputable antivirus and anti-spyware programs. As an extra protection method, you can use programs called HitmanPro.Alert and EasySync CryptoMonitor, which artificially implant group policy objects into the registry to block rogue programs such as Mapo ransomware.
Note that Windows 10 Fall Creators Update includes a "Controlled Folder Access" feature that blocks ransomware attempts to encrypt your files. By default, this feature automatically protects files stored in the Documents, Pictures, Videos, Music, Favorites, and Desktop folders.
Windows 10 users should install this update to protect their data from ransomware attacks. Here is more information on how to get this update and add an additional protection layer from ransomware infections.
HitmanPro.Alert CryptoGuard - detects encryption of files and neutralises any attempts without need for user-intervention:
Malwarebytes Anti-Ransomware Beta uses advanced proactive technology that monitors ransomware activity and terminates it immediately - before reaching users' files:
- The best way to avoid damage from ransomware infections is to maintain regular up-to-date backups. More information on online backup solutions and data recovery software Here.
Other tools known to remove Mapo ransomware: