Eliminate NEMTY PROJECT ransomware from the system

Also Known As: NEMTY PROJECT virus
Distribution: Low
Damage level: Severe

NEMTY PROJECT ransomware removal instructions


NEMTY PROJECT is a high-risk ransomware-type infection discovered by malware researcher, S!Ri. The purpose of this ransomware is to encrypt data stored on the system so that developers can make ransom demands by offering paid recovery of files. NEMTY PROJECT also appends each filename with the ".nemty" extension (e.g., "sample.jpg" becomes "sample.jpg.nemty"). Additionally, NEMTY PROJECT stores a text file named "NEMTY-DECRYPT.txt" in most existing folders. An updated variant of NEMTY Project ransomware appends filenames with the "._NEMTY_[random_characters]_" extension (e.g., "1.jpg" -> "1.jpg._NEMTY_huWhN62_") and creates another text file "_NEMTY_[random_characters]_-DECRYPT.txt" (e.g., "_NEMTY_huWhN62_-DECRYPT.txt") containing an identical message.

The messages state that data is encrypted and that victims must visit NEMTY PROJECT's website (located in the Tor network) to find decryption instructions. NEMTY PROJECT encrypts data using an AES-256 encryption algorithm that generates a unique decryption key individually for each victim. NEMTY PROJECT uses a number of additional encryption layers (RSA-2048 and RSA-8192) to protect the generated key (i.e., it uses 3-layer encryption). All decryption keys are stored on a remote server controlled by NEMTY PROJECT's developers. Therefore, after visiting the site, victims are presented with a ransom-demand message and encouraged to pay for decryption of their files. The sum is $1000 and payment must be submitted using the Bitcoin cryptocurrency. Even if you can afford to pay, never be tempted. Cyber criminals often ignore victims once payments are submitted. Therefore, all requests to submit payments should be ignored. Unfortunately, there are no tools capable of cracking NEMTY PROJECT encryption and restoring data free of charge - you can only restore everything from a backup.

Screenshot of a message encouraging users to pay a ransom to decrypt their compromised data:

NEMTY PROJECT decrypt instructions

There are dozens of ransomware-type infections virtually identical to NEMTY PROJECT. The list of examples includes Vesrato, Dragon, Grethen, Nacro, and many others. Although the developers are different, all of these infections are virtually identical. They encrypt data and make ransom demands. In most cases, the only major differences are size of ransom and type of encryption algorithm used. Unfortunately, encryptions are often performed using high-end algorithms such as RSA, AES, and others, that generate unique decryption keys. Therefore, unless the data was encrypted by ransomware that has bugs/flaws, restoring data manually (without developers' involvement) is impossible. Therefore, maintain regular backups and store them on a remote server (e.g., Cloud) or unplugged storage device, since locally stored backups are encrypted together with regular data. In fact, have multiple backup copies stored in different locations, since there is always chance that servers/storage devices can be damaged.

How did ransomware infect my computer?

The way developers proliferate NEMTY PROJECT is currently unknown, however, many ransomware infections are proliferated using spam emails, third party software download sources, fake software updaters and 'cracks', and trojans. Spam campaigns are used to send hundreds of thousands of deceptive emails that contain malicious attachments (links and/or files), and messages encouraging recipients to open them. To give the impression of legitimacy and increase the chance of tricking users, criminals present attachments as invoices, bills, receipts, or other important documents. Freeware download websites, free file hosting sites, Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks (e.g., torrents, eMule, etc.) present malicious executables as legitimate software. In doing so, criminals trick users into manual download/installation of malware. Fake updaters and 'cracks' inject malware rather than serving any useful purpose (i.e., updating software or providing free access to paid features). Trojans are malicious lightweight applications designed to infiltrate systems to inject additional malware.

Threat Summary:
Threat Type Ransomware, Crypto Virus, Files locker
Encrypted Files Extension .nemty
Ransom Demanding Message Original variant: NEMTY-DECRYPT.txt, Tor website; Updated variant: _NEMTY_[random_characters]_-DECRYPT.txt
Ransom Amount $1000 (in Bitcoins)
Cryptowallet Address 388crtat7DXKc5rWhvBqEVpWM5k9BDtEWo
Cyber Criminal Contact Chat in the Tor website.
Detection Names (Original Variant) Acronis (Suspicious), Qihoo-360 (HEUR/QVM20.1.58E9.Malware.Gen), Rising (Trojan.Generic@ML.92 (RDML:gFGPZmPws6vy1JTMN/MWww)), Symantec (ML.Attribute.HighConfidence), Full List Of Detections (VirusTotal)
Detection Names (Updated Variant) AVG (FileRepMalware), BitDefender (Trojan.GenericKD.32576503), ESET-NOD32 (A Variant Of Win32/Kryptik.GXCI), Kaspersky (Trojan.Win32.Zenpak.lnf), Full List Of Detections (VirusTotal)
Symptoms Cannot open files stored on your computer, previously functional files now have a different extension (for example, my.docx.locked). A ransom demand message is displayed on your desktop. Cyber criminals demand payment of a ransom (usually in bitcoins) to unlock your files.
Distribution methods Infected email attachments (macros), torrent websites, malicious ads.
Damage All files are encrypted and cannot be opened without paying a ransom. Additional password-stealing trojans and malware infections can be installed together with a ransomware infection.

To eliminate malware infections our security researchers recommend scanning your computer with Spyhunter.
▼ Download Spyhunter
Free scanner checks if your computer is infected. To remove malware, you have to purchase the full version of Spyhunter.

How to protect yourself from ransomware infections?

The main reasons for computer infections are poor knowledge of these threats and careless behavior. The key to safety is caution. Therefore, pay attention when browsing the Internet and downloading, installing, and updating software. Handle all email attachments with care. Files/links received from suspicious/unrecognizable email addresses should never be opened. The same applies to attachments that are irrelevant or do not concern you. Your software should be downloaded from official sources only, preferably using direct download links. Keep installed applications up-to-date, however, use only implemented functions or tools provided by the official developer. Be aware that third party downloaders, installers and updaters often include rogue applications, and thus such tools should never be used. Cracking installed applications should also not be considered, since software piracy is a cyber crime and the risk of infections is extremely high (many cracks are fake). Have a reputable anti-virus/anti-spyware suite installed and running at all times - this will detect and eliminate malware before it does any harm. If your computer is already infected with NEMTY PROJECT, we recommend running a scan with Spyhunter for Windows to automatically eliminate this ransomware.

Text presented in NEMTY PROJECT ransomware text file ("NEMTY-DECRYPT.txt"):

---=== NEMTY PROJECT ===---

[+] Whats Happen? [+]

Your files are encrypted, and currently unavailable. You can check it: all files on you computer has extension .nemty
By the way, everything is possible to restore, but you need to follow our instructions. Otherwise, you cant return your data (NEVER).

[+] What guarantees? [+]

It's just a business. We absolutely do not care about you and your deals, except getting benefits.
If we do not do our work and liabilities - nobody will not cooperate with us.
It's not in our interests.
If you will not cooperate with our service - for us, its does not matter. But you will lose your time and data, cause just we have the private key.
In practise - time is much more valuable than money.

[+] How to get access on website? [+]

  1) Download and install TOR browser from this site: hxxps://torproject.org/
  2) Open our website: -

When you open our website, follow the instructions and you will get your files back.

Configuration file path: -

Screenshot of NEMTY PROJECT website homepage:

NEMTY PROJECT website page 1

Screenshot of NEMTY PROJECT website offering free decryption of one file:

NEMTY PROJECT website page 2

Screenshot of NEMTY PROJECT website delivering a ransom-demand message (English variant):

NEMTY PROJECT website page 3

Text presented within this web page:

What do you need to do?
In order to get the decryptor you need to send btc to our wallet. The amount and wallet are specified below. Hurry up! After timer will end, your ransom price will be doubled. If you want more information on how to buy Bitcoin, you can read it here
Amount 0.09817 BTC (1000$)
Wallet 388crtat7DXKc5rWhvBqEVpWM5k9BDtEWo
Time left: 11:58:22

Screenshot of NEMTY PROJECT website delivering a ransom-demand message (Russian variant):

NEMTY PROJECT website page 4

Text presented within this web page:

Что тебе надо сделать?
Чтобы получить декриптор, тебе необходимо заплатить определденную сумму в биткоинах. Сумма и кошелек указаны внизу. Поторопись! Как таймер закончится, сумма удвоится! Узнать, как купить биткоин ты можешь тут
Сумма 0.09817 BTC (1000$)
Адресс биткоин кошелька 388crtat7DXKc5rWhvBqEVpWM5k9BDtEWo
Осталось времени : 11:58:00

Screenshot of files encrypted by NEMTY PROJECT (".nemty" extension):

Files encrypted by NEMTY PROJECT

Updated NEMTY PROJECT ransomware process in Windows Task Manager:

NEMTY PROJECT ransomware process in Windows Task Manager

Files encrypted by updated NEMTY PROJECT ransomware ("._NEMTY_[random_characters]_" extension):

Files compromised by updated NEMTY PROJECT ransomware

Update September 4th, 2019 - Cyber criminals have recently started spreading NEMTY PROJECT ransomware via Rig Exploit Kit (RigEK).

Update September 9th, 2019 - Cyber criminals have started proliferating NEMTY PROJECT ransomware by using a fake PayPal website - pp-back[.]info. The site claims that users will receive a 3-5% cashback if they use this payment application. To start using it, users are encouraged to download an executable named "cashback.exe". In fact, this is deceptive - the downloaded executable is NEMTY PROJECT ransomware and, once opened, immediately starts encrypting data.

Screenshot of the fake PayPal website (pp-back[.]info) used to spread NEMTY PROJECT ransomware:

Fake PayPal website used to spread NEMTY PROJECT ransomware

Update September 16, 2019 - Cyber criminals are continually updating this ransomware and this time it was implemented with a feature allowing it to terminate various running processes and services. NEMTY PROJECT does this so it can encrypt files that are currently being used by various applications or system processes/services. Another implemented (or rather updated) feature is a location check. NEMTY PROJECT gathers data and determines the location of the infiltrated machine. If the machine is located in one of the countries (full list below) within NEMTY PROJECT's whitelist, data will not be encrypted.

List of processes/services targeted by NEMTY PROJECT ransomware:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Outlook and Mozilla Thunderbird Email Clients
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft WordPad
  • SQL
  • VirtualBox

List of countries in NEMTY PROJECT ransomware's whitelist:

  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Moldova
  • Russia
  • Tajikistan
  • Ukraine

Update October 15, 2019 - Cyber criminals have recently released an updated variant of this ransomware called NEMTY PROJECT V 1.6. Although the file extension remains the same, the ransom-demanding message is completely different.

Screenshot of NEMTY PROJECT V 1.6 ransom note ("_NEMTY_[random_characters]_-DECRYPT.txt"):

NEMTY PROJECT V 1.6 ransom note (_NEMTY_[random_characters]_-DECRYPT.txt)

Text presented within this file:


Don't worry, all your encrypted files can be restored.
It's a business, if we can't provide full decryption, other people won't trust us.

In confirmation, that we have decryption key, we can provide you test decryption.
On our website you can upload 1 encrypted picture (png,bmp,jpg,gif) and get it decrypted.

There is no way to decrypt your files without our help.
Don't trust anyone. Even your dog.

There is 1 way how to get to the website:

1) Any browser
  a) Open your browser
  b) Type this url: nemty.hk/pay
  c) Upload this note



Screenshot of files encrypted by NEMTY PROJECT V 1.6 ransomware ("._NEMTY_[random_characters]_" extension):

Files encrypted by NEMTY PROJECT V 1.6

IMPORTANT NOTE! Researchers from cyber security company Tesorion have recently released a decrypter capable of restoring files encrypted by NEMTY PROJECT ransomware for free. To download this decrypter and restore data victims have to contact Tesorion CSIRT requesting for help regarding this ransomware.

Screenshot of NEMTY PROJECT's decrypter by Tesorion company's researchers:

NEMTY PROJECT ransomware decrypter by Tesorion company's researchers

Update November 5, 2019 - Cyber criminals have recently started distributing NEMTY PROJECT ransomware by using a Phorpiex (Trik) trojan infection which sends spam emails with malicious attachments designed to inject NEMTY PROJECT into the system.

NEMTY PROJECT ransomware removal:

Instant automatic malware removal: Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Spyhunter is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of malware. Download it by clicking the button below:
▼ DOWNLOAD Spyhunter By downloading any software listed on this website you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Free scanner checks if your computer is infected. To remove malware, you have to purchase the full version of Spyhunter.

Quick menu:

Step 1

Windows XP and Windows 7 users: Start your computer in Safe Mode. Click Start, click Shut Down, click Restart, click OK. During your computer start process, press the F8 key on your keyboard multiple times until you see the Windows Advanced Option menu, and then select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.

Safe Mode with Networking

Video showing how to start Windows 7 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 8 users: Start Windows 8 is Safe Mode with Networking - Go to Windows 8 Start Screen, type Advanced, in the search results select Settings. Click Advanced startup options, in the opened "General PC Settings" window, select Advanced startup. Click the "Restart now" button. Your computer will now restart into the "Advanced Startup options menu". Click the "Troubleshoot" button, and then click the "Advanced options" button. In the advanced option screen, click "Startup settings". Click the "Restart" button. Your PC will restart into the Startup Settings screen. Press F5 to boot in Safe Mode with Networking.

Windows 8 Safe Mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 8 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Windows 10 users: Click the Windows logo and select the Power icon. In the opened menu click "Restart" while holding "Shift" button on your keyboard. In the "choose an option" window click on the "Troubleshoot", next select "Advanced options". In the advanced options menu select "Startup Settings" and click on the "Restart" button. In the following window you should click the "F5" button on your keyboard. This will restart your operating system in safe mode with networking.

windows 10 safe mode with networking

Video showing how to start Windows 10 in "Safe Mode with Networking":

Step 2

Log in to the account infected with the NEMTY PROJECT virus. Start your Internet browser and download a legitimate anti-spyware program. Update the anti-spyware software and start a full system scan. Remove all entries detected.

If you cannot start your computer in Safe Mode with Networking, try performing a System Restore.

Video showing how to remove ransomware virus using "Safe Mode with Command Prompt" and "System Restore":

1. During your computer start process, press the F8 key on your keyboard multiple times until the Windows Advanced Options menu appears, and then select Safe Mode with Command Prompt from the list and press ENTER.

Boot your computer in Safe Mode with Command Prompt

2. When Command Prompt mode loads, enter the following line: cd restore and press ENTER.

system restore using command prompt type cd restore

3. Next, type this line: rstrui.exe and press ENTER.

system restore using command prompt rstrui.exe

4. In the opened window, click "Next".

restore system files and settings

5. Select one of the available Restore Points and click "Next" (this will restore your computer system to an earlier time and date, prior to the NEMTY PROJECT ransomware virus infiltrating your PC).

select a restore point

6. In the opened window, click "Yes".

run system restore

7. After restoring your computer to a previous date, download and scan your PC with recommended malware removal software to eliminate any remaining NEMTY PROJECT ransomware files.

To restore individual files encrypted by this ransomware, try using Windows Previous Versions feature. This method is only effective if the System Restore function was enabled on an infected operating system. Note that some variants of NEMTY PROJECT are known to remove Shadow Volume Copies of the files, so this method may not work on all computers.

To restore a file, right-click over it, go into Properties, and select the Previous Versions tab. If the relevant file has a Restore Point, select it and click the "Restore" button.

Restoring files encrypted by CryptoDefense

If you cannot start your computer in Safe Mode with Networking (or with Command Prompt), boot your computer using a rescue disk. Some variants of ransomware disable Safe Mode making its removal complicated. For this step, you require access to another computer.

To regain control of the files encrypted by NEMTY PROJECT, you can also try using a program called Shadow Explorer. More information on how to use this program is available here.

shadow explorer screenshot

To protect your computer from file encryption ransomware such as this, use reputable antivirus and anti-spyware programs. As an extra protection method, you can use programs called HitmanPro.Alert and EasySync CryptoMonitor, which artificially implant group policy objects into the registry to block rogue programs such as NEMTY PROJECT ransomware.

Note that Windows 10 Fall Creators Update includes a "Controlled Folder Access" feature that blocks ransomware attempts to encrypt your files. By default, this feature automatically protects files stored in the Documents, Pictures, Videos, Music, Favorites as well as Desktop folders.

Controll Folder Access

Windows 10 users should install this update to protect their data from ransomware attacks. Here is more information on how to get this update and add an additional protection layer from ransomware infections.

HitmanPro.Alert CryptoGuard - detects encryption of files and neutralises any attempts without need for user-intervention:

hitmanproalert ransomware prevention application

Malwarebytes Anti-Ransomware Beta uses advanced proactive technology that monitors ransomware activity and terminates it immediately - before reaching users' files:

malwarebytes anti-ransomware

  • The best way to avoid damage from ransomware infections is to maintain regular up-to-date backups. More information on online backup solutions and data recovery software Here.

Other tools known to remove NEMTY PROJECT ransomware:

About the author:

Tomas Meskauskas

Tomas Meskauskas - expert security researcher, professional malware analyst.

I am passionate about computer security and technology. I have an experience of over 10 years working in various companies related to computer technical issue solving and Internet security. I have been working as an author and editor for pcrisk.com since 2010. Follow me on Twitter and LinkedIn to stay informed about the latest online security threats. Contact Tomas Meskauskas.

PCrisk security portal is brought by a company RCS LT. Joined forces of security researchers help educate computer users about the latest online security threats. More information about the company RCS LT.

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Removal Instructions in other languages
Malware activity

Global malware activity level today:

Medium threat activity

Increased attack rate of infections detected within the last 24 hours.

QR Code
A QR code (Quick Response Code) is a machine-readable code which stores URLs and other information. This code can be read using a camera on a smartphone or a tablet. Scan this QR code to have an easy access removal guide of NEMTY PROJECT virus on your mobile device.
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